Writing Guidelines

Author Checklist

Clio’s Psyche mostly follows the standards and style presented in APA (see below). Clear, non-technical language is encouraged, while footnotes/endnotes are not allowed. References are discouraged except where there is a direct quote. In-text citations should follow APA guidelines (include the author’s last name, year, and page # when that information is not present within the sentence itself) and include this information after each direct quote. We use a modified APA style, so the first names of authors should be included in the references. Refer to recent issues of Clio’s Psyche to determine any variations in style.

Book Example: Author’s Name: Last Name, First Name. (Year of Publication). Title of book. Publisher.

Article Example: Author’s Last Name, First Name, & Author’s Last Name, First Name (Year of Publication). Article title. Title of Journal, Volume #, page range. https://doi.org###

Manuscripts should be composed on a word processor and sent electronically as a Microsoft Word document to Paul H. Elovitz by e-mail at or our Submissions Form.

Author Checklist
Abstract & Keywords:

  • Articles must include an abstract of 50-75 words.
  • All manuscripts must include 7-10 keywords that stress the psychohistorical aspects of the article.
  • Abstract and keywords should be placed after the title, author, and affiliation and before the article text.
  • Reviews and commentaries of symposiums should have only keywords, not abstracts.
  • Back stories (your inspiration for the poem with impactful keywords) of 110 or fewer characters (one line) required for poems so that they will be picked up online and read by more.
Length (Word counts include title, author, abstract, keywords, article, and biography of the author):

  • 2,500 words maximum for most articles.
  • 3,500 words maximum for symposium articles and research articles incorporating deeper scholarship. The symposium articles must be submitted six weeks before the Call for Papers deadlines so colleagues can comment on them and the author can respond.
  • 1,200-1,500 words for the commentaries on symposium articles.
  • 4,000 words maximum for psychobiography articles. These should focus on the subject and not on psychological theories.
General Style:

  • The first-person singular is encouraged. “Myself” is discouraged.
  • Starting a sentence with “And” is generally not acceptable.
  • Italicize foreign words.
  • Numbers 10 and above are written in numerals; below 10 are written out in English.
  • Centuries are written with a superscript next to the numerals (i.e., 19thcentury).
  • Percentages are expressed with the symbol % and numerals.
  • Lists should have a comma before “and.”
Referencing & Citations:

  • References are discouraged except where there is a direct quote.
  • In 2023, Clio’s Psyche adopted most of the recommendations of the latest APA referencing style, which includes:
  • Book Example: Author’s Name: Last Name, First Name. (Year of Publication). Title of book. Publisher.
  • For in-text citations, we are following the APA guidelines, which are: the in-text citation should be placed in the parenthesis with the author’s last name, year of publication, and page number (e.g., Pinker, 2018, p. 18).
  • Article titles are in quotation marks; book and journal titles are in italics.
  • Block quotes (quotes 40 words or longer) are discouraged; short quotes are preferred.
  • When used, block quotes are not italicized, and are indented ½” on either margin.
  • We do not publish endnotes or footnotes.
Author Biography:

  • 40-80 words.  If articles must be cut prior to printing, biographies are often reduced in length.
  • Include your degree abbreviation after your name (e.g. John Smith, PhD).
  • End the biography with your e-mail address (e.g. “You may contact Dr. Smith at [email address].”).
Review Essays of Films or Books:

  • 500-1,000 words.
  • Begin with “Review of…” and the full citation of the work you are reviewing. This paragraph should be in italics. See the example below:
  • Review of Daniel Rancour-Laferriere’s The Sign of the Cross from Golgotha to Genocide (New Brunswick, NJ: Transactions Publishers, 2011), ISBN 978-1-4128-1130, pages i-ix, 304, hardbound, $32.69.
Letters to the Editor:

  • 400 words maximum.
  • Begin “Dear Editor” and end “Sincerely yours,” and your name, along with a 100-word maximum biography.
  • Exclude author and affiliation byline.