Most Recent Tables of Contents


Antisemitism: A Psychohistorical Enigma (symposium article)

Inna Rozentsvit

Keywords: antisemitism, antisemitic tropes, discrimination, group psychology, Holocaust, Israel, Jew hatred, Jewish history, prejudice, psychoanalysis, psychohistory

Abstract: Antisemitism as prejudice and discrimination against Jewish individuals and communities, a deeply troubling phenomenon, has existed since ancient times while constantly changing its expressions. This article attempts to examine the psychohistorical context of antisemitism, which is crucial in combating it as well as fostering a more inclusive and tolerant world.

Intro: “Antisemitism is on the Rise!” “Stop the Hate!” These slogans dominate the demonstrations and websites in support of Jewish people, usually only when another atrocity happens, such as beating Jews on the streets of New York City; killing Jews during their prayers or the baby-naming ceremonies; desecration of Jewish cemeteries; or vandalism of Jewish-owned properties. But other slogans dominate the powerful Internet that propagates hate against Jews―daily. For example, “Every time some anti-White, anti-American, anti-freedom event takes place, Jews are behind it.” Another one that contradicts it is still antisemitic: “Jews own Wall Street! They are White colonizers/occupiers!”

How to Cite This?

Rozentsvit, I. (2024). Antisemitism: A psychohistorical enigma. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 269-278.


Victory to the Victims! (response article)

R. D. Hinshelwood

Keywords: anti-Zionism, antisemitic, British psychoanalysis, children, Gaza, Hamas, Inna Rozentsvit, Israel, Israel Defense Forces (IDF), Palestine, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, victims

Abstract: N/A

Intro: They say that those who are abused as children often grow up to become abusers. The challenge of critiquing a victim’s account (as I might wish to do with Inna Rozentsvit’s piece) is that one inevitably becomes the victimizer. I guarantee that my remarks here will be dismissed extremely quickly as antisemitic. So, I want to start with a brief event that upset me and upset my daughter (who is in her mid-50s) even more. She, as a teenager, had a romantic boyfriend who wanted her to accompany him back to his kibbutz (a community in Israel, usually rooted in agriculture). As we are not Jewish, she felt torn and eventually decided she wished to begin adult life with the freedom to travel and explore. Her ex-boyfriend returned to his kibbutz, and they have kept in touch ever since. Well, that was until October 7th when his kibbutz, close to Gaza, was flattened, and he was killed with a shot to the head. It brought us, the family, close to the Hamas/Israel Defense Forces (IDF) war.

How to Cite This?

Hinshelwood, R. D. (2024). Victory to the victims! Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 278-281.


Jews’ Peculiar Position: Responding to Hinshelwood (response article)

Inna Rozentsvit

Keywords: antisemitism, Eric Hoffer, group psychology, history of Israel, Israel Defense Forces (IDF), jew-hatred, Jewish history, personal history, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, R. D. Hinshelwood, stereotypes

Abstract: N/A

Intro: First, I wanted to thank Dr. R. D. Hinshelwood for his heartfelt response to my article. It allowed me to understand how my writing can be perceived in general, especially by non-Jews, and to notice how we humans can be sharp and analytical, as well as acknowledge and critique the biases of others while rationalizing our own. For me, October 7th was a massacre, a barbaric and purposeful killing of Israeli civilians and their guests, from few-months-old babies to octogenarians. It reminds me of the barbarism of Petlyura pogroms in Ukraine, even more so than the methodical and cold-blooded Nazi killing machine. The unfortunate and horrifying killing of children in wars constitutes collateral damage, especially when Hamas uses them as predictable sacrifices of their own children for their political cause.

How to Cite This?

Rozentsvit, I. (2024). Jews’ peculiar position: responding to Hinshelwood. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 281-285.


Defining Antisemitism: Not for the Faint of Heart! (article)

Jerome A. Chanes

Keywords: anti-Judaism, anti-Zionism, antisemitism, definition of antisemitism, history of antisemitism, International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA), Israelophobia, modern antisemitism, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, Wilhelm Marr

Abstract: Defining “antisemitism” implicates religious, sociological, historical, and political dynamics. The history of antisemitism, from Christian religious anti-Judaism to modern pseudo-scientific racialist antisemitism, suggests a definition rooted in “hostility toward Jews as a group that results from no legitimate cause.” Current definitions seek to link criticism of Israel to antisemitism.

Intro: Defining antisemitism is and always has been a devilish thing. Indeed, the word itself—“antisemitism”—is troublesome. Is it about Jews? Is it about “Semites,” whoever they might be? Also, how is the word to be spelled? “Anti-Semitism”? “Antisemitism”? Let’s take a step back and understand the historical context of the term.

How to Cite This?

Chanes, J. A. (2024). Defining antisemitism: Not for the faint of heart! Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 285-291.


Antisemitism is Oedipal (article)

Adam J. Sacks

Keywords: antisemitism, blood libel, Christianity, cultural, historical, Judaism, Oedipal, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, psychological, religious, supercessionism

Abstract: This essay uses tools of psychoanalysis to shed light on the Oedipal roots of antisemitism and the family-like entanglements between Judaism and Christianity. Repeated historical and psychological patterns reveal mimetic competition and an underlying sacrificial logic behind ancient animus. These suggestive analytic reflections serve to provide additional layers of psychohistorical engagement with ongoing issues of cultural resentment.

Intro: The profound psychological roots of antisemitism in the West lie in family, Oedipal-like relations between Judaism and Christianity. Antisemitism here, without the hyphen, is meant as a general catch-all for the historical animus toward Jews, rather than the specific racializing political movement of late 19th Century Europe from whence the term originated. A psychohistorical reading of theology and doctrine is essential to uncover its roots. For instance, when the Catholic Church sought to create an authentically post-antisemitic relationship with Judaism, the older faith was framed not in parental terms but in those fraternal, as an older sibling. This phrase was uttered by Pope John Paul II in 1986 on the occasion of the first visit of any pope to a synagogue. This move tacitly underlines that a parental framework was behind much of the grief and persecution.

How to Cite This?

Sacks, A. J. (2024). Antisemitism is Oedipal. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 291-296.


Aggression and the Purpose of Antisemitism (article)

Charlotte Schwartz

Keywords: aggression, antisemitism, The Cultivation of Hatred, Freud, hatred, identification, Peter Gay, projection, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, psychological drives, social history, societies

Abstract: The author hopes to demonstrate how antisemitism has been utilized by various societies to discharge aggression in the form of hate to the “other,” and thus protect their Indigenous populous from excessive harm. Jew as the recipients of the negative aspects of the aggressive drive spares the dominant group from the murderous rage and hatred that is an inherent aspect of this drive.

Intro: Peter Gay, a historian of social history and psychoanalysis, wrote a remarkable book titled The Cultivation of Hatred (1993). Certainly, the very idea suggests an anomaly: Why should any person, group, or society want to cultivate hatred? Is this not the very emotion we would like to eradicate from our lives? Yet Gay suggested hatred was not just an emotion that erupted spontaneously in our society but rather that social organizations utilized hatred for very specific purposes. He indicated that hatred derives from aggression, an instinctual/psychological drive that is inherent in all humans and which demands expression in both negative and positive behavior.

How to Cite This?

Schwartz, C. (2024). Aggression and the purpose of antisemitism. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 296-302.


Dostoevsky’s Post-Traumatic Antisemitism (article)

Anna Geifman

Keywords: antisemitism, “chosen people,” European Romanticism, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Jewish question, mock execution, national destiny, near death, projection, psychoanalysis, psychobiography, religious nationalism, Russia, traumatic experience

Abstract: Dostoevsky’s survival of a near-death experience was the main trigger for his conversion from a socialist to a religious nationalist, who projected his traumatic experience onto Russia as a whole. The Biblical tradition, however, emphasized God’s Covenant with the Jews as the “chosen people.” Their status undermined Dostoevsky’s claim for Russia’s universal mission and—indirectly—his personal mission, rendering Dostoevsky a false prophet and eliciting his manifest antisemitism.

Intro: Whether or not we relate to Fyodor Dostoevsky’s writings, few deny his literary genius. Those who do not enjoy wallowing with him in the viscid darkness of his characters’ tormented souls nonetheless appreciate his virtuosity in delving deeply into subconsciousness. While Dostoevsky’s opinions might be infuriating, he was certainly not shallow—except in his trite Jew-bashing, unfit for the brilliant thinker that he was. The source of Dostoevsky’s late-life antisemitism did not stem from his innate superficiality or crudity but from a profound existential quandary.

How to Cite This?

Geifman, A. (2024). Dostoevsky’s post-traumatic antisemitism. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 302-308.


Putin and the Jews: Between Philosemitism and Antisemitism (article)

Juhani Ihanus

Keywords: antisemitism, Jews repression, philosemitism, propaganda, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, Russian history, splitting, Ukraine, unconscious influence, Vladimir Putin

Abstract: The Russian history of antisemitism is discussed through Putin’s relationship with Judaism and his political maneuvering between philosemitism and antisemitism. In the Russian context, Putin has expressed many Jew-friendly statements. However, the wars in Ukraine and Gaza have changed the tone to balance between the personal attachment to Lubovitch Judaism and political urges to blame Zelensky, a proxy Jew installed by the U.S.

Intro: The Russian Empire, established in 1721, already harbored a substantial Jewish population from preceding centuries. The Pale of Settlement, instituted in 1791, confined Jews mainly to annexed territories that, by the 19th century, encompassed Russian Poland, Lithuania, Belorussia (present-day Belarus), a significant portion of Ukraine, the Crimean Peninsula, and Bessarabia. Stringent regulations confined nearly five million Jews in Imperial Russia to the Pale, which was dismantled during World War I.

How to Cite This?

Ihanus, J. (2024). Putin and the Jews: Between philosemitism and antisemitism. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 309-316.


Antisemitism and Identity: Theoretical Perspectives (article)

Susanne Bleiberg Seperson

Keywords: antisemitism, Holocaust, identity, Jew-hatred, language, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, psychological literature, Sander Gilman, Sigmund Freud, social construction of reality, sociological literature, United Nations

Abstract: This paper explores how identity is socially constructed and negotiated as well as how the hated and haters’ identities are intertwined by reviewing sociological and psychological literature, relevant history, and biography.

Intro: Antisemitism, the oldest hatred in the world, has yet to be vanquished. Who are the haters, and why do they hate Jews? I will explore how identity is socially constructed and negotiated as well as how the hated and haters’ identities are intertwined by reviewing sociological and psychological literature, along with a few historical and biographical examples.

How to Cite This?

Seperson, S. B. (2024). Antisemitism and identity: theoretical perspectives. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 316-321.


Biology, Psychology, and Politics: Proceed with Caution (article)

Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi

Keywords: antisemitism, Arab antisemitism, biology, group survival, intergroup conflict, Israel, Jew-hatred, Jewish history, Judaism, Palestine, politics, prejudice, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, psychology, Zionism

Abstract: Prejudice, threats, and competition for resources are painfully experienced everywhere. To many Jews and non-Jews, antisemitism is at the center of Jewish history, which reflects understandable insecurity. In the psychohistorical context of the Israel/Palestine tragedy, connecting historical antisemitism to the victims of Zionism is absurd and dishonest.

Intro: Antisemitism belongs to a group of potentially lethal prejudices, but its uniqueness stems from the centrality of Judaism and the Jews in global consciousness. The basic sentiment is clearly biological. We naturally prefer those who share genes with us, and we act to preserve those genes. In biology, this is known as inclusive fitness. Psychologically, it is a natural extension of innate selfishness. We learn to overcome or control such feelings (if we ever do) along with other forms of selfishness. Threats and insecurity immediately create hostility and the readiness to fight, physically and mentally—but intergroup conflict contributes to group survival. The economy of love and hate in groups (explored by Freud in his 1921 book, Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego) means, as sociologists, psychologists, and psychoanalysts agree, that externalizing aggression increases cohesion and reduces internal tensions. This can be observed in every human group but is also determined by real conflicts over actual resources, as is the case with the Israelis and Palestinians.

How to Cite This?

Beit-Hallahmi, B. (2024). Biology, psychology, and politics: Proceed with caution. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 321-327.


Antisemitism and Boys’ Play in Palestine (article)

Thomas Cook

Keywords: An-Najah National University, annihilation anxiety, antisemitism, conflict zone, Israel Defense Forces (IDF), Nablus, Palestine, play, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, teacher, West Bank

Abstract: A description of Palestinian boys who use pretend play to deal with the fears they face in a conflict zone where many people around them are being killed by illegal settlers and the Israeli Army.

Intro: I spent the 2022-2023 academic year as a Fulbright scholar at An-Najah National University in Nablus, in the West Bank, then began studying Arabic at the university’s Arabic Language Center for the 2023-2024 school year. The City of Nablus has a population of 250,000 and is an “active conflict zone.” Weekly incursions into the city and the routine killing of Palestinians by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) were ongoing when I arrived in September 2022 and have been escalating ever since. Although outgunned, armed Palestinian men often fight back.

How to Cite This?

Cook, T. (2024). Antisemitism and boys’ play in Palestine. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 327-333.


Antisemitism in Islamist Culture: Prejudice and My Identity (article)

Sheila Levi

Keywords: Freudian, identity development, Islamic antisemitism, Islamist culture, Jewish history, Jews of Turkey, Kemalism, prejudice, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, radical religion, socially mediated hatreds, Turkey

Abstract: Antisemitism is viewed as a manifestation of narcissism within specific societal constructs. As a Turkish Jew raised amidst Islamist rhetoric, I explore the influence of this external environment on my identity. The culture that perpetuates antisemitic sentiments in Islamist circles is also notably sexist. Prejudice against Jews and women in patriarchal societies is undeniable.

Intro: During my sessions with a young adult Turkish Muslim analysand, I identified a latent antisemitic disposition. Her modern demeanor initially obscured her radical religious leanings. Over time, I unearthed her denial of my Turkish Jewish heritage. She conjectured that I was a Muslim woman married to a Jewish man, using this as a rationale for my Jewish surname and fluency in Turkish. She adamantly believed that I had acquired my command of Turkish later in life, which indirectly negated the historical Jewish presence in Turkey spanning 2400 years. (Jewish communities have thrived in Anatolia since at least the fifth century BCE. The Ottoman Empire welcomed many Jews fleeing the Spanish Inquisition in the late 15th century. I was born and raised in Turkey, a descendant of these Jewish families who have escaped from Spain and Portugal and the pogroms in the Russian empire.)

How to Cite This?

Levi, S. (2024). Antisemitism in Islamist culture: Prejudice and my identity. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 333-338.


Free Associations on Hamas’ War and the Psychology of Victimization (article)

Paul H. Elovitz

Keywords: 9/11, Arab, denial, free association, grandiosity, Hamas, Israel, Netanyahu, October 7th, Palestinian, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, terrorist, two-state solution, UNRWA, victimology

Abstract: The author focuses on Hamas achieving its goals with their October 7, 2023, attack. He explores the psychology of victimization and dependency as well as Netanyahu’s motivation, arguing that the best hope of improving the lives of Palestinians, maintaining Israeli democracy, and bringing peace to the region is a two-state solution.

Intro: As soon as the horror of Hamas’ October 7, 2023, attack on Israel occurred, I told a friend, “Hamas has won!” The goal of this terrorist organization was multifold, including killing or at least delaying the movement toward peace with Saudi Arabia and some Gulf states; killing Israelis; taking numerous Israelis hostage to slow down and perhaps lessen the anticipated retaliatory reaction; prompting the Israelis to massively wreak destruction and death upon Gazans as a way of winning the Olympics of Victimization around the world (including in the U.S.); and to gain a seat at the bargaining table. I also correctly presumed that the Israelis, like Americans before 9/11, had been warned of this forthcoming attack, which they chose to ignore, as did my government. Denial and the grandiose feeling of invulnerability are powerful defense mechanisms that can have catastrophic consequences! Sadly, nothing that’s transpired has led me to question my initial assessment as I’ve watched the horror unfold.

How to Cite This?

Elovitz, P. H. (2024). Free associations on Hamas’ war and the psychology of victimization. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 338-345.



How Donald Trump’s Childhood Warped His Personality and Threatens American Democracy (symposium article)

Jeffrey B. Rubin

Keywords: childhood traumas, democracy, Donald Trump, Election 2024, parent-child relationship, personality, prosecution, psychobiography, psychotherapy, trauma

Abstract: Trump’s behavior that led to his indictments is linked to his childhood and his parents’ treatment of him. The author draws on various sources, including reporters, Trump’s family, and Trump himself, to support this conclusion.

Intro: On June 9, 2023, Donald Trump was indicted by federal prosecutors in a grand jury in South Florida because he removed and stored classified documents from the White House that are reported to include vital national security information about China and Iran’s missile program. On July 27th, he was accused of trying to delete incriminating Mar-a-Lago security videos; on August 1st, he was indicted by a federal grand jury for crimes allegedly committed to overturn the 2020 presidential election; and on August 14th, a grand jury in Georgia indicted him and 18 allies on state charges arising from his attempt to overturn his electoral defeat in the Peach State.

How to Cite This?

Rubin, J. B. (2024). How Donald Trump’s childhood warped his personality and threatens American democracy. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 345-353.


Drawing the Full Object-Relational Implication of Rubin’s Trump (response article)

Dorothea Leicher

Keywords: Donald Trump, Election 2024, family, Jeffery Rubin, narcissistic injuries, Object Relations, personality, psychobiography, unmet needs

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Jeffrey B. Rubin’s paper skillfully presents evidence of Trump’s narcissistic injuries and unmet needs to be “seen,” which he can’t acknowledge and acts out repeatedly. Trump’s personality was shaped in part by his standing up to the father he strongly identified with to avoid the fate of his older brother, whose torture by their father he witnessed. However, the full object-relational implication is not drawn: If we grow up in an environment where there is no one we can really trust, we are forced to try to meet our needs stealthily, but any developing closeness also becomes a threat.

How to Cite This?

Leicher, D. (2024). Drawing the full object-relational implication of Rubin’s Trump. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 353-355.


Jeffrey Rubin’s Response to Leicher’s Object Relations Approach (response article)

Jeffery B. Rubin

Keywords: classical perspectives, Donald Trump, Dorothea Leicher, Election 2024, intersubjective perspectives, multi-modal examination, Object Relations, psychobiography, self-psychological perspectives

Abstract: N/A

Intro: It is good of Dorothea Leicher to take the time to read and reflect on my essay. I will briefly engage several points in her critique. In arguing that the full object-relational implications are not drawn out in my study of Donald Trump, she mentions that “if we grow up in an environment where there is no one we can really trust, we are forced to try to meet our needs stealthily, but any developing closeness also becomes a threat.” I don’t disagree with either point, but I think my paper illustrates both of them. Also, it might be better to engage my multi-model examination of Trump—that draws on classical, object-relational, self-psychological, and intersubjective perspectives—instead of putting me in the Procrustean bed of a single analytic theory (object relations).

How to Cite This?

Rubin, J. B. (2024). Jeffrey Rubin’s response to Leicher’s object relations approach. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 355-356.


I Will Be Your Loyal Leader—Vote for Me! (poem)

Peter W. Petschauer

Keywords: authoritarians, democracy, dictatorship, Donald Trump, Election 2024, Joe Biden, poem, psychohistorical poetry, voting

Abstract (Backstory): Because I spent most of my life struggling with my father’s association with Hitler’s regime and thus comprehend its workings better than most, I am deeply concerned about the threats authoritarian leaders pose to democracies. As little influence as one individual has, given the millions of Trump followers, I warn in poetry and prose anyway.

Intro: What about his ignorance of the religious texts he loudly lauds?
What about the parental abuses that reveal themselves in his adult brutality?
What about his daily affronts through words and actions?

How to Cite This?

Petschauer, P. W. (2024). I will be your loyal leader—vote for me [poem]! Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 356-357.


What’s at Stake in the 2024 Election (article)

David Lotto

Keywords: advertising, corruption, democracy, Donald Trump, Election 2024, elections, human nature, lobbying, oligarchy, presidential psychobiography, racism, threat to democracy, Xenophobia

Abstract: This paper contends that although there are many dangers we will face if Trump wins the election, the assertion that his victory is a “threat to democracy” is misguided. There is a discussion of some of the factors that contribute to the anti-democratic nature of our current governance.

Intro: In the minds of many, defeating Donald Trump has become, by far, the single most important objective in the entire political universe. There are clear and compelling reasons to be concerned about Trump’s possible reelection. There are any number of ways in which his personality characteristics, including his grandiosity, paranoia, vindictiveness, and cruelty, could lead to impulsive and irrational actions that would put us all in danger. Trump and MAGA permit making manifest the always-present latent, dark side of human nature. Xenophobia and racism are, if not actively encouraged, given license to be expressed. Trump is a threat to the rule of law by escaping accountability for his criminal acts and attempting to delegitimize the judicial system.

How to Cite This?

Lotto, D. (2024). What’s at stake in the 2024 election. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 358-364.


The Political is Personal: Authoritarianism and Sadism are Learned at Home (article)

Jeffrey B. Rubin

Keywords: authoritarian, childhood, family values, Koch Brothers, Nazi nanny, politics, psychoanalysis, psychobiography, sadism

Abstract: Drawing on a psychoanalytically-informed psychobiography of the Koch brothers, the author aims to illuminate the link between their anti-governmental political philosophies and their emotional experiences in childhood with a remote and despotic father and a Nazi-sympathizing nanny.

Intro: Family plays a massive role in who we are and what we become. We flourish when we are loved and cherished by our caregivers, and we are emotionally injured when we are abandoned, neglected, or maltreated. At home, we learn to either value and empathize with other people or treat them as if they are merely objects standing in the way of our own gratification.

How to Cite This?

Rubin, J. B. (2024). The political is personal: Authoritarianism and sadism are learned at home. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 364-370.


Psychohistory and the Advent of British Psychosocial Studies (article)

Kurt Jacobsen

Keywords: biography, British psychosocial studies, Erik Erikson, Eriksonian tradition, history, interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary, psychoanalysis, psychohistorian, psychohistory, social sciences

Abstract: What can the comparatively new and mostly British field of psychosocial studies learn from neglected predecessors? I examine especially the relevance of the Eriksonian tradition, relate ways in which psychohistorians trailblazed psychosocial studies, and argue that both psychohistory and psychosocial studies can benefit from such an intellectual exchange.

Intro: Scanning the campus scene in the early 2000s, especially at Harvard, Robert Coles remarked to me how dismayed he was at the way Erik Erikson’s work and that of remarkable kindred spirits, such as Robert Jay Lifton and Kenneth Keniston, had been summarily brushed aside, almost as if they never existed. Given the irresistible resurgence throughout the social sciences of formal econometric styles of reasoning in recent decades, a hardy group of interdisciplinary thinkers who pitted themselves against the conceits of vaunted value-neutral formal theorists was very likely to fall from favor. “Nothing here but us guys in white lab coats,” an old teacher of mine (and Erikson associate) wryly remarked as to this method-fetishizing attitude, dismayingly encountered in almost every discipline these days.

How to Cite This?

Jacobsen, K. (2024). Psychohistory and the advent of british psychosocial studies. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 371-378.


Our Corporatized Culture: Chronic Stress and Depression (article)

William C. Manson

Keywords: anti-depressant drugs, anxiety, bio-psychiatry, chronic stress, corporatization, depression, employment, neurochemical imbalance, psychohistory, socio-economic

Abstract: Bio-psychiatry, with its exclusive focus on neurochemical imbalances in the brain as causative factors in clinical depression, has failed to confront the very real socio-economic pressures entrenched in our corporatized society. This paper considers the constant socio-economic constraints of daily life which, by threatening the dignity and security of persons on all fronts, produces such chronic stress—and with it, the corresponding (serotonin-diminished) clinical depression.

Intro: Several decades ago, responding to the growing market for improved anti-depressant drugs, several drug companies developed selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs such as Prozac, Zoloft, etc.). While under its exclusive patent (20 years), a new drug is expensively priced, thus generating huge profits for its maker. (This accounts for the constant introduction of new drugs which, despite claims to the contrary, may not be any more effective than their now-generic precursors.)

How to Cite This?

Manson, W. C. (2024). Our corporatized culture: Chronic stress and depression. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 378-382.


AI and Breaking Cycles of Student Anxiety through Psychoanalytic Insights (article)

Marcia Anne Newton

Keywords: artificial intelligence (AI), ChatGPT, college students, decision-making, educational institutions, fear of failure, GrammarlyGO, large language models (LLMs), psychohistory, resilience, social media, stressful academic situations, well-being

Abstract: The author shares personal experiences responding to students whose papers have been flagged as AI-generated. She then focuses on two intersecting items: one, the negative role social media plays in students’ over-reliance on large language models; and two, examinations of student anxiety that expose paradoxes connected to a fear of failure in our educational institutions.

Intro: I teach writing and critical inquiry. Over the past two semesters, some of my students discovered artificial intelligence (AI) large language models (LLMs) like ChatGPT and GrammarlyGO, using both writing tools to their full potential. They handed in papers that had partially or wholly been generated by LLMs. Increased use of LLMs that do the writing and the thinking may lead to students becoming less competent in the intellectual and emotional tasks required to succeed in college and beyond. A consequence is that by focusing on short-term fixes, some of our students may not be developing intellectual problem-solving and decision-making skills that increase their psychological resilience to everyday setbacks and stressors.

How to Cite This?

Newton, M. A. (2024). AI and breaking cycles of student anxiety through psychoanalytic insights. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 382-387.


Taking Responsibility for a Genocide and Raising Questions (article)

Pamela Steiner

Keywords: Fijis, genocide, Germany, “good enough,” identification with the aggressor, learning process, Karin von Trotha, Namaqua, Ova Herero, psychohistory, Reverend Baker, sacrifice, transmitted trauma

Abstract: The story of the 20th century’s first genocide, committed by Germany against two tribes in the territory of what is today Namibia in Southwest Africa, is not well-known. The descendants of the victims of the genocide responded to their tragedy in terms that were both traditional and modern, while a woman who married into the family of the genocider took it on personally, shaping her life as a German for the second time, the first being after close exposure to the adult child of Holocaust victims.

Intro: In Hamburg, Germany, Karin von Trotha noticed three tiny photos accompanying a brief newspaper story in 2003. One photograph showed Fijis living in a village much as they had in 1867 when British missionaries appeared. The second photograph was of Reverend Baker, one of the 19th century missionaries. Reverend Baker had been cannibalized because he had touched the head of a village chief, a crime punishable by death. He was axed, boiled, and eaten. The last photo showed the current Fiji chief and Baker’s great-great grandson embracing at the close of a six-hour ceremony. The newspaper story explained how villagers had all but literally reenacted the cannibalistic scene, apologized, and begged forgiveness from ten descendants of Baker’s family who, as well as Fijis from other villages, had traveled to the island for the event. They gave the Baker family “woven mats, a dozen highly prized whale’s teeth and a slaughtered cow” (Squires, November 2003).

How to Cite This?

Steiner, P. (2024). Taking responsibility for a genocide and raising questions. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 387-395.



Antisemitism Influences Freud’s Jewish Identity (book review)

Eva Fogelman

Keywords: antisemitism, book review, Central Europe, cultural assimilation (Bildung), Jewish identity, Jew Hating: The Black Milk of Civilization, Merle Molofsky, psychohistory, Sigmund Freud

Abstract: N/A

Intro: The current proliferation of expressions of antisemitism motivates psychoanalysts to take a look backward and explore how Freud manifested his Jewish identity, living as a Jew in Vienna in the rampant antisemitic milieu of Central Europe at the turn of the 20th century. This is not surprising since Freud’s identity as a Jew plagued him as well. Merle Molofsky, editor of Jew-Hating: The Black Milk of Civilization, has compiled a multifaceted, engrossing collection of 13 essays in response to Arnold Richards’ incisive lead essay, “Freud’s Need Not to Believe.” Richards combines Freud’s commitment to cultural assimilation (Bildung), the impact antisemitism had on his Jewish identity, and how “Freud’s godlessness” influenced some of his theories.

How to Cite This?

Fogelman, E. (2024). Antisemitism influences Freud’s Jewish identity. Review of the book Jew-Hating: The Black Milk of Civilization, by Merle Molofsky (Ed.) (2022). Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 395-398.


The Overwhelming Accomplishments of Theodore Roosevelt (book review)

Jerome S Blackman

Keywords: book review, Mark I. West, philosophical ideas, presidential history, psychohistory, Theodore Roosevelt (TR), Theodore Roosevelt on Books and Reading

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Mark West’s book is overflowing with knowledge. The thousands of philosophical ideas and references mentioned in it are overwhelming and may make even the most erudite reader feel undereducated. Certainly, after reading this, it becomes clear that Theodore Roosevelt (TR) was not “that damned cowboy.” Nor was he insensitive to animals. Although he hunted, he criticized those who killed for the sake of killing. Also, who would have known that Roosevelt wrote for The New York Times Review of Books, The Atlantic, and Ladies’ Home Journal? 

How to Cite This?

Blackman, J. S. (2024). The overwhelming accomplishments of Theodore Roosevelt. Review of the book Theodore Roosevelt on Books and Reading, by Mark I. West (Ed.) (2023). Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 398-399.


For What Stage is Barbie Cast? (movie review)

Patrick McEvoy-Halston

Keywords: adolescence, Barbie, Barbie dolls, Erik Erikson, Greta Gerwig, James Masterson, Margot Robbie, movie review, Noah Baumbach, preoedipal dynamics, psychohistory, Ryan Gosling, social stages

Abstract: N/A

Intro: It is tempting to see Barbie as telling the story of a girl’s emergence into adolescence, as if what we are witnessing is a switch from one of Erik Erikson’s social stages to another. The film begins with girls smashing their baby dolls to bits as they appreciate their new Barbie dolls. Though not even close to being adolescents, these girls seem to recognize the full-figured Barbies as already a part of who they are, thus rejecting their previous dolls for only mirroring their infancy. All the Barbies in Barbieland have lived the same constant life, only knowing one that is instantly provisioning and supporting a preoedipal existence, as seen by theorists like James Masterson, who argue it is a period of relative calm before the leap into adolescence.

How to Cite This?

McEvoy-Halston, P. (2024). For what stage is Barbie cast? Review of the movie Barbie, written by Greta Gerwig and Noah Baumbach, starring Margot Robbie and Ryan Gosling. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 399-401.



Praising Peter Petschauer (letter to the editor/festschrift article)

Karyne E. Messina

Keywords: festschrift, human qualities, Peter Webb Petschauer, poet, scholar

Abstract: Author praises Peter Petschauer for his character and human qualities.

Intro: Peter Petschauer is a scholar and poet of uncommon integrity. There are twin strands to integrity: a quality of uprightness and honesty, and a structure of meshing together all aspects of a deed, a movement, or an ideal.

How to Cite This?

Messina, K. E. (2024). Praising Peter Petschauer. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(3), 402.


Peter W. Petschauer: Scholar, Leader, Mentor, and Friend (leading festschrift article)

Amy C. Hudnall

Keywords: academia, art, Europe, feminist theory, festschrift, history, interdisciplinary, Nazi Germany, Peter Webb Petschauer, psychohistory, study of women

Abstract: As the opening to Peter Petschauer’s Festschrift, this introduction offers a more intimate perspective of the man, including his motivations, goals, and accomplishments. Women played crucial roles in his life, influencing his research choices, management styles, and personal life. His more feminist perspective was a natural fit with psychohistory, and it helped him bring both feminist and psychohistorical ways of knowing into future research and fields of study.

Intro: Dr. Peter Petschauer, Emeritus Professor of History at Appalachian State University (AppState), is a major contributor to the historical study of women and the field of psychohistory. Even before he came to psychological history, his research and teaching reflected the tenets of the field. As an expert in 18th century European women, he explored aspects of their histories in ways unique to the time. A lifetime source of pain and research was his exploration of his father’s role in Nazi Germany. Peter’s degrees were in Russian and European history. But you shall see that his interests included an understanding of administrative political strategies and obscure historical subjects, some of which fell under the rubric of new epistemologies: interdisciplinarity and psychohistory. This Festschrift discusses Petschauer’s life experiences and how they impacted his work, in particular as a teacher, an art collector, a university administrator, and a remarkable human being.

How to Cite This?

Hudnall, A. C. (2024). Peter W. Petschauer: Scholar, leader, mentor, and friend. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 139-145.


A Scholars Scholar (festschrift article)

David Beisel

Keywords: Catherine the Great, collegiality, festschrift, German history, the immigrant experience, Peter Webb Petschauer, psychohistory, scholarship

Abstract: Calling Peter Petschauer a scholar’s scholar, the author shares anecdotes about him. The main focus of his article, however, is an analysis of An Immigrant in the 1960s: Finding Hope and Success in New York City, which the author considers a pathway into the quality of Peter’s character and the strength of his scholarship.

Intro: When you enter academia, you assume a number of usually unstated yet generally understood responsibilities. They include keeping up with your specialization, staying abreast of general research trends in your field, maintaining a critical eye, staying current with pertinent books and scholarly journals, preserving high standards, doing original research, sharing that research with the public, and encouraging the work of others. Peter Petschauer’s scholarship exemplifies these qualities in abundance. He is truly a scholar’s scholar. Reading the research of colleagues, attending their presentations, and offering suggestions on how they might improve their work-in-progress are all part of Peter’s regular professionalism. I offer two examples.

How to Cite This?

Beisel, D. (2024). A scholar’s scholar. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 145-151.


An Interview with Peter Petschauer on His Publications in Retirement (psychobiographical interview and festschrift article)

Paul H. Elovitz

Keywords: Appalachian State University (ASU), European history, festschrift, interview, Peter Webb Petschauer, psychobiography, psychohistorian, publications, Russian history, women history

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Peter Webb Petschauer is a prime example of an extremely productive psychohistorian in retirement. After taking his doctoral degree at New York University, he had a 38-year award-winning career (1968-2006) as a professor at Appalachian State University (ASU) where he taught courses in European, Russian, as well as women’s and children’s history. At ASU, he held several administrative positions, chaired Appalachian’s faculty senate, and then chaired the entire University of North Carolina System’s faculty assembly. He still serves on two arts-related Boards at his university, as well as serving on the boards of Clios Psyche and The Journal of Psychohistory and the German Society of Psychohistory and Political Psychology.

How to Cite This?

Elovitz, P. H. (2024). An interview with Peter Petschauer on his publications in retirement. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer Festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 151-160.


A Psychohistorian and His Wheat Field: Honoring Peter Petschauer (festschrift article)

Howard F. Stein

Keywords: festschrift, friendship, listserv, metaphor, nail-holes, poetry, Peter Webb Petschauer, psychohistory, Russian-invasion, scholarship

Abstract: Introducing his article with a vignette about wheat fields and connecting it to Peter Petschauer’s work in Polish villages, the author goes on to discuss the importance of Peter’s various works and the author’s appreciation of his thinking and scholarship.

Intro: Imagine the following scene: Standing in his wheat field nearing harvest, a farmer clasps several heads of wheat in his hand and examines them closely for their health, ripeness, water content, and presence of rot. Imagine the same scene, except as viewed from a low-flying crop duster above the field. Individual grains of wheat have blurred into a large wheat field, the farmer still visible.

How to Cite This?

Stein, H. F. (2024). A psychohistorian and his wheat field: Honoring Peter Petschauer. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 160-165.


From the South Tyrolean to the Appalachian Mountains (festschrift article)

Angela Moré

Keywords: attachment-theory, childhood, family, festschrift, German, mothers, Nazi, Peter Webb Petschauer, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, Russia, South Tyrol

Abstract: Beginning with a confession that she hasn’t read much of Peter’s work, the author decides to change that. Delving into his book about Brixen/Bressanone in South Tyrol (which is where the author was at the time of reading it), she delves into the psychoanalysis and psychohistory of his work.

Intro: I must begin with a confession: So far, I have not had the opportunity to read much of Peter Petschauer’s work. But that is about to change. I recently read one of his autobiographical historical works with great interest in the very place to which it largely refers: Brixen/Bressanone in South Tyrol and its surroundings. When I told Brigitte (Demeure) at Easter that I would be at a conference in Brixen at the end of June, I received from her the answer that Peter had spent his childhood years there and had written a book about it. She would ask him to send it to me. Only three days later I had the book, which translates in English to All the Things One Learns: South Tyrolean Backing for the Modern World (2022), on my table, with a personal greeting on the cover.

How to Cite This?

Moré, A. (2024). From the South Tyrolean to the Appalachian Mountains. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 165-172.


A Poet who Brings Peace of Mind Psychohistorically (festschrift article)

Inna Rozentsvit

Keywords: family, festschrift, Hopes and Fears, Listen to Rarely Heard Voices, Peter Webb Petschauer, poetry, psychobiography, psychohistory, writing

Abstract: This article is about Peter Petschauer, a poet of psychohistory. Examples of his poetry are taken from Hopes and Fears and Listen to Rarely Heard Voices. It also includes Petschauer’s responses during an August 2023 interview with the author, all related to the topics of poetry, the poet-psychohistorian’s regrets and joys, as well as what Peter wants to be remembered for in 100 years, among other things.

Intro: Peter Petschauer is known to many as a historian, an erudite professor and scholar, a person of deep wisdom and measured emotional responses, a loyal friend and compassionate mentor, an art collector, and a great family man. But few know him as a “consummate weaver of words” (Noyes Capehart, in endorsement for Hopes and Fears) who writes psychohistorical and autobiographical poetry.

How to Cite This?

Rozentsvit, I. (2024). A poet who brings peace of mind psychohistorically. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 172-177.


Peter Petschauer: The One-Man Surveying Team (festschrift poem)

Howard F. Stein

Keywords: festschrift, perspectives, Peter Webb Petschauer, poem, psychohistory, surveying

Abstract: N/A

Intro: It would seem so
Simple and direct:
To determine the location
Of a point in space:
Just use your finger
And point right there…

How to Cite This?

Stein, H. F. (2024). Peter Petschauer: The one-man surveying team [poem]. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 178-179.



Impressions of Peter Petschauer (festschrift article)

Juhani Ihanus

Keywords: arts, educator, emotions, festschrift, German, Peter Webb Petschauer, poet, psychohistorian, scholarship, writer

Abstract: N/A

Intro: In the age of specialization and compartmentalization, it is a wonder that there are still people who combine scholarship and the arts. It is rare for writers to be both astutely argumentative and sensitively capable of touching the phenomena without explaining them away, instead giving them personal characterization while simultaneously offering well-researched insights to others. Peter Petschauer, as a historian, psychohistorian, educator, poet, writer, and patron of the arts, is one of such rare scholarly and poetic writers.

How to Cite This?

Ihanus, J. (2024). Impressions of Peter Petschauer. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer Festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 180-182.


Postcards from Majdanek (festschrift article)

Kathy Kacer

Keywords: Canadian author, family history, festschrift, German, history, Holocaust, Peter Webb Petschauer, psychobiography, Rosemary Harris, translation

Abstract: N/A

Intro: I am a Canadian author who has written more than 30 books focusing on stories of the Holocaust geared to a young audience between the ages of eight and 18. I had the pleasure of meeting Prof. Peter Petschauer when I was invited to Appalachian State University (ASU) to speak at a conference honoring a mutual colleague who had passed away, Prof. Rosemary Harris.

How to Cite This?

Kacer, K. (2024). Postcards from Majdanek. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer Festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 182-183.


The Wonderful Character Traits of Peter and Joni Petschauer (festschrift article)

Peter Lange

Keywords: festschrift, friendship, Germany, Hans Schwieger, hospitality, Peter Webb Petschauer, productivity, psychobiography, scholar, South Tyrol

Abstract: N/A

Intro: “The way is the goal,” Confucius says. Anyone who has ever written a book can confirm this sentence. The path to a book knows crossroads, turns, dead ends, and unexpected encounters. On my way, I met Peter Petschauer in 2011. I was writing a biography of the conductor Hans Schwieger whose papers were at Petschauer’s Appalachian State University. I had tracked him down and sent him an email; he immediately agreed to support my project. He arranged for copies of the important parts of the Schwieger papers to be scanned and sent to me in Berlin. This unselfish willingness to help others is an essential trait of Peter Petschauer’s character.

How to Cite This?

Lange, P. (2024). The Wonderful Character Traits of Peter and Joni Petschauer. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer Festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 184-185.


Words of Appreciation for Dr. Peter Petschauer (festschrift article)

Denise Ringler & Lindsay Miller

Keywords: Appalachian State University, art-collectors, arts, cultural-programming, festschrift, human-spirit, Peter Webb Petschauer, psychobiography, Turchin Center for the Visual Arts, visualarts

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Dr. Peter Petschauer’s distinguished career has been marked by extraordinary achievements as a scholar, professor, university leader, administrator, and writer/commentator on the national and international stage. A continuous thread, running through each phase of his remarkable career, has been Peter’s passion for the arts, which has shaped and informed his life since childhood, nourishing his soul, fueling his creative life, and embodying his lifelong celebration of the human spirit.

How to Cite This?

Ringler, D., & Miller, L. (2024). Words of Appreciation for Dr. Peter Petschauer. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer Festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 185-187.


A Letter to You—Peter W. Petschauer (festschrift article)

Heinrich Reiss

Keywords: Catherine the Great of Russia, festschrift, Germany, Gesellschaft für Psycho-historie und Politische Psychologie (GPPP), Peter Webb Petschauer, psychohistory, Robert Mueller, Russian history, scholar

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Dear Peter, when I first met you in 1989 at the Gesellschaft für Psychohistorie und Politische Psychologie (GPPP) in Frankfurt, Hesse, you had been invited to be at one of the first meetings of the Society. We were about 20 people sitting around a few tables. You gave a lecture on Catherine the Great of Russia, and I talked about Robert Mueller, a German Social Democrat, typesetter, and teacher who was born in 1914. I was a young teacher interested in the history of everyday people, searching for explanations about these themes. I had also been reading about Russian parents and asked you why many of them weren’t critical of their children, even as they witnessed their cruelty against animals. I still hope I clearly understood your explanations.

How to Cite This?

Reiss, H. (2024). A Letter to You—Peter W. Petschauer. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer Festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 187-189.


Peter Petschauers Fundamental Work on the Education of Women in 18th Century Germany (festschrift article)

Ludwig Janus

Keywords: democratic society, Enlightenment, festschrift, German society, German Romanticism, literary-salons, Peter Webb Petschauer, psychohistory, womens-education

Intro: Peter Petschauer has given testimony in his various books that, given some favorable resources, one can really face the turmoil and conflicts of one’s time and develop from them in an amazing way. For this, the democratic U.S. offered him an essential field of development and, of course, psychohistory and the psychohistorical society in particular. His personal development is something like a piece of lived psychohistory. The move from Germany to the U.S. enabled him to reflect and sort out the personal effects of the turmoil in German society from the distance of academic life in a democratic society, which he then presented in his books.

How to Cite This?

Janus, L. (2024). Peter Petschauer’s Fundamental Work on the Education of Women in 18th Century Germany. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer Festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 189-190.


A Friend in Need is a Friend Indeed (festschrift article)

Anatoly Isaenko & Ralph E. Lentz II

Keywords: Appalachian State University (ASU), ethnic conflicts, family, festschrift, friend, Peter Webb Petschauer, post-Soviet, psychobiography, Russian history, student

Abstract: N/A

Intro: For me (Anatoly Isaenko) and my family, Peter Petschauer was and is more than just a remarkable academic colleague. In 1995, Peter and I published a thorough and objective analysis of ethnic conflicts in the post-Soviet space. This publication became the first among similar efforts undertaken by other scholars in English language historiography. The next year, I won a Fulbright Fellowship at Duke University. But when I returned to the Caucasus, local mobsters began a systematic campaign against me and my family for criticism of ethnocentric nationalism. In the winter of 1996, my life was threatened on several occasions, and I decided to contact Peter to find a refuge. Knowing the perilous situation in the Caucasus very well, Peter immediately came to the rescue, like a proverbial “friend in need is a friend indeed.” Since then, with the unstinting help of Peter, I have very successfully adapted to the U.S. and to teaching in an American university.

How to Cite This?

Isaenko, A & Lentz, R. E. II. (2024). A Friend in Need is a Friend Indeed. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer Festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 190-191.


An Unusual German of His Generation (festschrift article)

Sven Fuchs

Keywords: festschrift, German Society for Psychohistory and Political Psychology (GPPP), Germany, Peter Webb Petschauer, psychobiography

Abstract: N/A

Intro: I met Peter Petschauer (and his wife Joni) for the first time in 2019 at the annual German Society for Psychohistory and Political Psychology (GPPP) conference in Heidelberg, Germany. I had the feeling that he was very amused and quite attentive when I told a small breakfast group that I was there without a mobile phone because it bothered me to be constantly available. This made him smile since he grew up without a mobile himself. We later got into email contact that lasted for months and was very fruitful.

How to Cite This?

Fuchs, S. (2024). An Unusual German of His Generation. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer Festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 191-192.


Peter Petschauer: An Erudite Humanist (festschrift article)

Susan Hein

Keywords: communications, copyediting, emails, festschrift, humanist, International Psychohistorical Association (IPhA), The Journal of Psychohistory, Lloyd deMause, Peter Webb Petschauer, poetry

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Peter Petschauer was a name familiar to me for a number of years before I got to know him personally. It was a name spoken along with positive tones of admiration by my late husband, Lloyd deMause, when referring to this person he considered a colleague— and for Lloyd, most colleagues were considered by him to be friends.

How to Cite This?

Hein, S. (2024). Peter Petschauer: An Erudite Humanist. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer Festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 192-193.


In Appreciation of Peter Petschauer (festschrift article)

Judith Geary

Keywords: festschrift, memoir, novel, Peter Webb Petschauer, psychobiography, researcher, writer

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Peter Petschauer is a talented writer, a thorough researcher, and a kind and generous spirit. I’ve had the privilege of working with Peter as an independent editor on several of his publications, which was an honor and a pleasure.

How to Cite This?

Geary, J. (2024). In Appreciation of Peter Petschauer. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer Festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 193-194.


Peter Petschauer: Poetic Justice for an Investigator, Writer, Scholar, and Great Human (festschrift poem)

Scott Collier

Keywords: festschrift, Peter Webb Petschauer, poem, psychobiography, scholar, teacher, writer

Abstract: N/A

Intro: In the annals of German history’s embrace, a tale unfolds, woven with skill and grace. A Teacher and Researcher, wise and keen, diving deep into the past, unearthing what’s been.

How to Cite This?

Collier, S. (2024). Peter Petschauer: Poetic Justice for an Investigator, Writer, Scholar, and Great Human. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer Festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 194-195.


If I Could Choose a Brother, It Would Be Peter Petschauer (festschrift article)

Gerhard Waldheim

Keywords: childhood, festschrift, Germany, immigration history, Peter Webb Petschauer, psychobiography, South Tyrol

Abstract: N/A

Intro: People who emigrate to foreign lands commonly face life-shaping decisions, mostly unconsciously and ongoing about what to maintain and what to leave behind, how far to change and adapt without losing identity, and which values to look for in selecting new partners, friends, and spouses. Add to this the challenges of a new professional environment, maintaining worthwhile loyalty to origins while staying true to oneself, understanding and coping with roots of circumstantial difference and even shame of origin, and investing the resources necessary for maintaining substantive contact with formative people in the old world. Then there is learning the values of the new surroundings and the intricacies of personal expression in an unfamiliar language, as well as mastering constructive ease with varying religious, ethnic, cultural, and historical parameters. All this is part of what makes up the United States due to its immigration history and the challenges facing individual immigrants. Peter Petschauer, who was shaped by dislocated parentage and a farm childhood in a tiny hamlet in the isolated mountains of South Tyrol, experienced all of this and more, including the death of his younger brother.

How to Cite This?

Waldheim, G. (2024). If I Could Choose a Brother, It Would Be Peter Petschauer. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer Festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 195-196.


Just Your Average Unicorn (festschrift article)

Jay Wentworth

Keywords: Appalachian State University (ASU), festschrift, history, Peter Webb Petschauer, poetry, psychobiography, psychohistory, scholar

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Peter is a first-rate scholar with various books and a large catalog of articles credited to him. Many of you will speak of his contributions to history, especially psychohistory, but I want to emphasize poetry, and his play, which had a staged reading at Appalachian State University. Not many people can publish in their second language; far fewer can publish poetry written in a second language and a vanishing few of those are trained in history rather than literature. Peter is part of those few. I taught poetry for 30 years, have written hundreds of poems, and that son-of-a-gun published a book of poetry before I did! He has important stories to tell and has mastered the means of telling them without formal training.

How to Cite This?

Wentworth, J. (2024). Just Your Average Unicorn. In A. C. Hudnall, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Peter Webb Petschauer Festschrift. Clios Psyche30(2), 197-198.



The Lure of Horror (article)

Juhani Ihanus

Keywords: coping with anxiety, dark inner self, Edgar Allan Poe, fear, Gothic horror, horror movies, horror stories, interdisciplinary, symbolism, technology media, therapeutic setting, trauma, virtual anxiety, zombie

Abstract: This article approaches horror movies and stories from the interdisciplinary perspectives of psychoanalysis, evolutionary psychology, affective neuroscience, and neuro-cognitive research. Flexibly encountering fictional horror scenes and relating them to the unconscious part of the self may benefit the survival strategies of individuals, groups, and the whole human species. Under adverse circumstances, horror fiction may induce and intensify fear. The article also applies the author’s concept of “virtual anxiety” to analyzing the reception of horror fiction.

Intro: At the age of 14, I read Edgar Allan Poe’s Gothic horror tales for the first time, such as “The Pit and the Pendulum,” “The Tell-Tale Heart,” “The Black Cat,” “The Fall of the House of Usher,” and “William Wilson,” as well as some of his hauntingly beautiful poems. The scenes of the emblematic events and the emotional disturbances of the narrator-protagonists evoked in me mixed feelings of surprise, awe, and fearful fascination. As Poe (1839/1984) himself stated, his tales often concerned the “terror of the soul” (p. 129) descending into the dark inner self of the victim. Thus, his short stories, with their weird symbolism, hallucinatory and nightmarish situations, and tormented fantasies, manage to produce in many readers a spectrum of fears concentrated on darkness, evil, the unknown, the double, torture, suffering, starvation, and live burial.

How to Cite This?

Ihanus, J. (2024). The Lure of Horror. Clios Psyche30(2), 198-203.


Fear and Loathing in the New America (article)

Tom Ferraro

Keywords: American identity, anxiety, dehumanizing impact, diversity in America, communist Russia, fall of communism, global balance of power, loathing, loss of the bad object aggression, multiculturalism, paranoia, world dominance

Abstract: This essay explores the causes of fear and hatred in America and traces their roots to America’s rise to world dominance, the collapse of communist Russia, and the loss of the externalized enemy onto which to project our aggressions. Our fears were also exacerbated by the rise of multiculturalism shattering the illusion of a singular American identity.

Intro: This Call for Papers on the psychology of fear is perfectly attuned to the current American zeitgeist. Over the past decade, I’ve noticed the rise of fear and loathing. The new American is contentious, hyper-competitive, paranoid, alienated, and hyper-vigilant. It would be far too easy to blame all this on the COVID-19 pandemic or the dehumanizing impact of the computer age (although undoubtedly they are factors). I suggest that there are two essential causes of our fear and loathing.

How to Cite This?

Ferraro, T. (2024). Fear and Loathing in the New America. Clios Psyche30(2), 203-208.


Edvard Munchs Scream*—And Ours (poem)

Howard F. Stein

Keywords: art, Edvard Munch, expressionist painter, painting, psychohistory, poem, The Scream

Abstract: N/A

Intro: I thought it was a painting,
Hanging in an art museum,
And I, a visitor.
But I am on
No promenade among
Pictures at an exhibition…

How to Cite This?

Stein, H. F. (2024). Edvard Munch’s Scream*—And Ours [poem]. Clios Psyche30(2), 208-209.


Fear, Environmentalism, and the Great Intersubjectivity (article)

Rick Reibstein

Keywords: communal thinking, cultural capacity, environmentalism, fear assessment, ingredient transparency, intersubjectivity, preferable products, risk prevention, William James

Abstract: This is a detailed overview of ways in which fear can be implemented in positive ways, exploring everything from William James’s concept of intersubjectivity, successful government programs, and technologies and techniques for bringing individuals together in an intersubjective space. An intersubjective context is the setting for creating and sharing purposeful social existence and environmental sustainability.

Intro: As noted by Paul Elovitz, fear has utility: It alerts you to danger, and by prompting a response, might save your life. As observed by Inna Rozentsvit, it is adaptive. Fearful perceptions serve a life-sustaining purpose, except when they are harmful and lead instead to prejudice, anger, suspicion, etc. We can distinguish between momentary fearful perceptions and longer-duration fearful thoughts, the former jumping out of the way of a bus and the latter a general lifelong fear of buses, and focus on the longer-duration fearful thinking to reduce the influence of harmful fear.

How to Cite This?

Reibstein, R. (2024). Fear, Environmentalism, and the Great Intersubjectivity. Clios Psyche30(2), 209-213.


Dont Go in the Water (poem)

Harrison Bae Wein

Keywords: anxiety, danger, emotions in nature, fear, mother, poem, psychohistory, water

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Dont go in the water,
s too dangerous,
mother would say as I lingered at the edge, staring at the ocean

as if I were at a museum

before a petrified sea…

How to Cite This?

Wein, H. B. (2024). Don’t Go in the Water [poem]. Clios Psyche30(2), 213-214.


Fear in My Life (article)

Dorothea Leicher

Keywords: affect-theory, anxiety, classical music as remedy, family history, fear, forester, marine nature, psychology, psychohistory

Abstract: The author explores her fears and anxieties as well as how they relate to her family history. She discusses some of the remedies to these feelings as well, including classical music, psychology, and nature.

Intro: Fear has been an important, sometimes excessive, part of my life. When I decided to study psychology, I was terrified because I expected to fail at it and be a burden on my parents, but my work provided an alternative to music in terms of comfort. When trying to develop my practice, my earlier fears of being impalatable added a great deal of stress and slowed me down. Fortunately, I was able to compensate by also working as the clinic administrator. As an administrator, I was in the presence of a happy-enough community without having to interact too directly, which mimicked the comfort of listening to my mother’s friends. I experienced a striking contrast when my then-director invited me to an exclusive restaurant; it was very genteel but made me depressed because I missed the happy chatter. When I moved my practice to my home, working became more stressful for me because I didn’t have my colleagues, my happy chatter, any longer, and I ended up retiring (reluctantly).

How to Cite This?

Leicher, D. (2024). Fear in My Life. Clios Psyche30(2), 214-216.


On Weaponizing Fear (article)

David Lotto

Keywords: Bowling for Columbine, conspiracy theories, manufacturing fear, Michael Moore, political manipulation, psychohistory, racism, social media, targeted population, violence, war

Abstract: This paper briefly examines some of the ways that fear has been used in the service of achieving a desired political result. People in positions of power—chiefly governments—or these days, almost anyone with access to a metaphorical megaphone—particularly on social media—can induce fear in a targeted population.

Intro: In his 2002 documentary film, Bowling for Columbine, Michael Moore speaks about how a climate of fear is promoted by the media (at that time, mostly TV newscasts and local newspapers), who choose to give a prominent place to their reporting on crime, particularly local crime—as in, “if it bleeds it leads.” Moore argues that the manufacturing of this heightened state of fear is a large part of what drives people in this country to own guns.

How to Cite This?

Lotto, D. (2024). On Weaponizing Fear. Clios Psyche30(2), 216-219.


Reflections on the War on Drugsof Nixon and Duterte (article)

Gabriel C. Pascua

Keywords: depressive frame, discourse, fearmongering, moral panic, paranoid schizoid frame, psychedelics, psychohistory, Richard Nixon, Rodrigo Duterte, war on drugs

Abstract: N/A

Intro: With great ignorance comes a greater susceptibility of the public to disinformation and fearmongering tactics. Draconian drug policies cannot be sustained without the existence of a nexus of discourses perpetuated by certain institutions that benefit from the ignorance of citizens when it comes to the topic of drugs, as exemplified by then-President Richard Nixon’s “War on Drugs” campaign in the early 1970s. The specter of Nixon’s drug war continues to haunt us to this day, especially with its contemporary manifestation in then-President Rodrigo Duterte’s brutal crackdown on drug use in the Philippines. What is evident from Nixon’s anti-drug tirades directed at opposition groups to Duterte’s dehumanizing rhetoric directed at destitute drug users living in lower-class neighborhoods is the weaponization of scientifically ignorant drug policies against the populace, accompanied by the mass propagation of disinformation surrounding drug users and drug substances.

How to Cite This?

Pascua, G. C. (2024). Reflections on the “War on Drugs” of Nixon and Duterte. Clios Psyche30(2), 219-221.


From the Fear of Pandemic to the Pandemic of Fear (article)

Marisa Berwald, Andjela Samardzic, Sean Lynch, & Piyali Kundu-Veldhoven

Keywords: anxiety, defenses, drives, existential threats, fear of pandemic, hate, pandemic of fear, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, psychosomatic, Sigmund Freud

Abstract: Existential threats during the pandemic revealed the relationship between fear, aggression, and pleasure (principle). Clinical encounters with individuals illustrate the core defenses and their breakdowns in the face of fear.

Intro: The notion of fear is not common in the English psychoanalytic lexicon, historically translated as anxiety. There is no fear. The uncanny, yes. Phobia, yes. Dread, yes. Freud (1926/2003) distinguishes between Angst (anxiety), Furcht (apprehension, fear), and Schreck (fright), but says in Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety that “anxiety is unmistakably associated with expectation; it is anxiety for something. For another, it is in the very nature of anxiety to be non-specific and to have no object. In proper linguistic usage it even changes its name if it acquires an object, the word anxiety being replaced by the word fear” (p. 179).

How to Cite This?

Berwald, M., Samardzic, A., Lynch, S., & Kundu-Veldhoven, P. (2024). From the Fear of Pandemic to the Pandemic of Fear. Clios Psyche30(2), 221-227.


The Orpheum, 1963 (poem)

Laura Moore

Keywords: 1963, anxiety, Daddy, fear, Orpheum, poem, psychobiography, theater

Abstract: N/A

Intro: The screen’s light pierces the dark room,
making its way to the upper balcony
where we are jammed in, our black legs up
against our chests, like grasshoppers…

How to Cite This?

Moore, L. (2024). The Orpheum, 1963 [poem]. Clios Psyche30(2), 228.


The Power of Persuasion in an Isolated Setting: Ghost Stories, the Devil, and Unique Experiences (article)

Peter W. Petschauer

Keywords: death, devil, evil, fear of God, fears, ghosts, isolated mountain communities, Krampus, persuasion, psychohistory

Abstract: The isolated villages of Italy’s Dolomite Mountains were central to developing children’s intense fears of the dark, the devil, evil, and death.

Intro: We are far away from many of the intense and persistent fears from which individuals suffered in the past, the most damaging and cruel residing in ghost stories and recollections of wars and persecutions. Other authors will write about these latter experiences and their transgenerational effects. This essay addresses ghost stories and inexplicable events. They reinforced the deep unease about evil, God’s potential punishments, and the devil people lived with, especially before modern print and other media, the better understanding of natural phenomena, and improved childrearing.

How to Cite This?

Petschauer, P. W. (2024). The Power of Persuasion in an Isolated Setting: Ghost Stories, the Devil, and Unique Experiences. Clios Psyche30(2), 229-233.


Anxiety and Fear Regarding the Otherand Social Media (article)

Joseph Healy Epstein

Keywords: American, anxiety, Chinese, democracy, fear, group-behavior, immigrants, Other, psychohistory, privacy, race, social media, TikTok

Abstract: By focusing on U.S. history during the Trump and Biden presidencies, the author is seeking to argue that technological advancement can both benefit and harm national and foreign interests. A psychological understanding of how social groups interact subjectively sheds new light on the true meaning of freedom.

Intro: In an attempt to normalize civility in government following the Trump administration, President Biden invoked the American ideals of tolerance, equality, and social justice—ego-ideals seriously undermined by public fears of the Other. These fears include Latin American immigrants crossing the border, alternative political views, and social platforms such as TikTok depersonalizing intellectuality and infringing on individual rights to privacy. In this essay, I discuss the inherent contradictions between stated ideals and unstated fears in the American psyche.

How to Cite This?

Epstein, J. H. (2024). Anxiety and Fear Regarding the “Other” and Social Media. Clios Psyche30(2), 233-238.


Petrified (poem)

Laurie Carafone

Keywords: anxiety, fear, poem, psychohistory

Abstract: N/A

Intro: A yellow bulb, tinted for romance
the moon wraps the velvet night around her
like a cloak, trying to stop the seismic trembling…

How to Cite This?

Carafone, L. (2024). Petrified [poem]. Clios Psyche30(2), 239.


Trauma and Politics of Fear in the Wake of the 9/11 Terror Attacks (article)

Marc-André Cotton

Keywords: 9/11, anthrax, Bush administration, identification with the aggressor, psychohistory, PTSD, raging violence, USA PATRIOT Act, victimization

Abstract: After the 9/11 terror attacks, the Bush administration launched two military operations that proved to be quite disruptive for South and Central Asia as well as the Middle East. This article examines how the 9/11 trauma triggered early coping mechanisms involving victimization and/or identification with the aggressor, specifically among White House officials and deputies.

Intro: On September 11, 2001, tens of thousands of Americans experienced a tremendous disruption in their daily lives. This multitude of individual tragedies was amplified by the media and television coverage of the events, which acted as an echo chamber. A national survey conducted within a few days revealed that adults watched an average of eight hours of news about the attacks, with one-fifth viewing 13 or more (Schuster et al., 2001). Half of them had at least one stress symptom defined as “substantial” based on a questionnaire that included five symptoms. The authors of this study pointed out that a disaster of this magnitude always has lasting effects, even on people who are not physically present, especially if relatives have been affected or if they are experiencing the event as potential victims. Given the emblematic nature of the terrorists’ targets, the possibility that all Americans would identify with the victims of the September 11 attacks was maximized. Indeed, although respondents in the New York City area showed the highest levels of stress reactions, other communities across the country, large and small, also reported significant levels of stress in the days following the terrorist attacks.

How to Cite This?

Cotton, M. A. (2024). Trauma and Politics of Fear in the Wake of the 9/11 Terror Attacks. Clios Psyche30(2), 239-246.


Childish Misconceptions about the Nature of Fear (poem)

Harrison Bae Wein

Keywords: anxiety, childish, fear, poem, psychohistory

Abstract: N/A

Intro: It’s not the alien in the horror flick
baring the dripping icicles
of its fangs…

How to Cite This?

Wein, H. B. (2024). Childish Misconceptions about the Nature of Fear [poem]. Clios Psyche30(2), 246-247.


Dealing with Childhood Anxieties through Play (article)

Mark I. West

Keywords: Bruno Bettelheim, children, daycare, fear, feelings, mother, open-ended play, psychohistory, toys

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Long before I became a children’s literature professor, I worked for several years as a preschool teacher at several daycare centers. This chapter in my life took place in the early 1970s, but I still have very distinct memories of my interactions with the young children who went to these daycare centers. I remember, for example, when a three-year-old girl was waiting for her mother to pick her up at the end of the day. She was the last child remaining at the daycare center that day, and I was the last teacher on duty. The mother called and explained that she was running behind, and I assured her that I would stay late and take care of her daughter.

How to Cite This?

West, M. I. (2024). Dealing with Childhood Anxieties through Play. Clios Psyche30(2), 247-248.


Dr. A & I, or The End of Emotional Jazz (poem)

Jeffrey B. Rubin

Keywords: emotional jazz, jazz, Parkinson’s, poem, psychohistory

Abstract: N/A

Intro: We played emotional jazz for 33 years.
Nothing was off-limits,
everything was greeted with an innocent mind and an accepting heart…

How to Cite This?

Rubin, J. B. (2024). Dr. A & I, or The End of Emotional Jazz [poem]. Clios Psyche30(2), 249.


Hearing and Talking with the Rejected Self (book review)

Daphne Lin Chang

Keywords: book review, Candace Orcutt, personality disorders, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, The Unanswered Self: The Masterson Approach to the Healing of Personality Disorders

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Psychoanalysis was once considered non-viable for those with personality disorders—a condition judged to be ingrained within the self. James F. Masterson was a pioneer in psychoanalytic psychiatry who, like other innovative contemporaries such as Searles, Kohut, and Kernberg, was determined to establish understanding and effective treatment for these “disorders of the self,” as Masterson later came to call them. In the 1970s and 1980s, a paradigmatic shift was taking place in the evolution of psychoanalytic thinking: from a focus on the symptom to the whole patient and from a near-exclusive emphasis on the inner workings of the individual mind to a more inclusive concern with the relationship between the self and others.

How to Cite This?

Chang D. L. (2024). Hearing and Talking with the Rejected Self. Review of the book The Unanswered Self: The Masterson Approach to the Healing of Personality Disorders by Candace Orcutt. Clios Psyche30(2), 251-253.


Three Impossible Professions in One (book review)

Daniel S. Benveniste

Keywords: book review, Douglas Kirsner, Psychoanalytic Organizations: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly, psychoanalysis, psychoanalytic organizational life, psychohistory

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Sigmund Freud, in his paper “Analysis Terminable and Interminable” (1937), spoke of the three impossible professions: education, government, and psychoanalysis. Psychoanalytic organizations combine all three. Psychoanalytic Organizations: The Good, The Bad, and the Ugly (2022) is a treasure chest of chapters addressing various aspects of psychoanalytic organizational life. Doug Kirsner edited the collection and invited a number of world-class psychoanalysts to address this topic. Weighing in at over 600 pages, there is a lot to consider.

How to Cite This?

Benveniste D. S. (2024). Three Impossible Professions in One. Review of the book Psychoanalytic Organizations: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly by Douglas Kirsner. Clios Psyche30(2), 253-257.


Some Nazi Roots of Modern Managements Inhumanity? (book review)

Peter W. Petschauer

Keywords: book review, Clemens Klünemann, Gehorsam macht frei. Eine kurze Geschichte des Managements — von Hitler bis heute, Johann Chapoutot, modern management, psychohistory

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Johann Chapoutot’s Obedience Frees is an excellent book. Researched and written exceedingly well, it will especially appeal to observers of modern management’s inhumanity and its origins. I have chosen Clemens Klünemann’s German translation of the original French version because it preserves the specificity of the unique National Socialist (NS) and post-war German terminology. (The English paperback edition from 2023, titled Free to Obey: How the Nazis Invented Modern Management, advertises it as a work of fiction. If only it were so!) Chapoutot teaches at the Sorbonne, and his best-known work so far is The Law of Blood: Thinking and Acting as a Nazi, for which he received the Yad Vashem Book Prize for Holocaust Studies in 2015.

How to Cite This?

Petschauer, P. W. (2024). Some Nazi Roots of Modern Management’s Inhumanity? Review of the book Gehorsam macht frei. Eine kurze Geschichte des Managements von Hitler bis heute by Johann Chapoutot. Clios Psyche30(2), 257-260.


The Healing of Goodbye: The Poetry of Loss (book review)

Jack Schwartz

Keywords: book review, Judith Harris, poetry, The Poetry of Loss: Romantic and Contemporary Elegies, psychohistory, Sigmund Freud

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Psychoanalysis, from its inception, used literature as its primary signifier. As Freud described, “Even if we wish to deny the common man of his religion, we do not have the authority of the poet.” For Freud, poets have an uncanny authority to connect with and articulate subtle insights that could illuminate the nature of the human experience for the common person. The human experience, in this instance, is “facing the death of a loved one,” which stands at the center of Judith Harris’s remarkable new book, The Poetry of Loss: Romantic and Contemporary Elegies.

How to Cite This?

Schwartz, J. (2024). The Healing of Goodbye: The Poetry of Loss. Review of the book The Poetry of Loss: Romantic and Contemporary Elegies by Judith Harris. Clios Psyche30(2), 260-264.


The Fear Contagion: A Psycho-bio-medico-historical Perspective (symposium article)

Inna Rozentsvit

Keywords: anxiety, amygdalae, body-mind interactions, COVID, emotions, fear, limbic system, neurobiology, neuropsychoanalysis, personal perspectives, psychoanalysis, psychology, psychohistory, reptilian brain, trauma, Triune Brain

Abstract: This article provides some of the psycho-bio-medico-historical and personal perspectives on fear, one of the most fascinating human emotions that saved us as a species that can also be an agent of extinction of our free-willed humankind.

Intro: What is fear? Why should we talk about fear at the time of fearless space travel, driverless cars, robotics, tissue regeneration, conquering many cancers, and other advances in human intelligence and creativity? Why did we become (“all of a sudden”) so fearful of each other, our communications, and our variety of opinions—something that we cherished in our democratic society for a good while?

How to Cite This?

Rozentsvit, I. (2023). The fear contagion: A psycho-bio-medico-historical perspective. Clio’s Psyche30(1), 1-9.


Anxiety and Fear in Society and My Life (symposium article)

Paul H. Elovitz

Keywords: anxiety, emotions, gender, news, nostalgia, presidents, psychoanalysis, psychology, psychobiography, psychohistory, society

Abstract: In a personalized approach, I explore how fear impacts me, society, and the world as a whole. Using my background as a psychological historian and presidential psychobiographer, I analyze the role of anxiety and fear in the modern world with its instant communications.

Intro: Fear can be an extraordinarily helpful emotion. For example, a toddler I loved learned to fear a hot stove whose protective plate had just fallen off, which resulted in a frightening bad burn and a trip to the emergency room. In his mind, “Hot” represented danger, a healthy fear, so he would avoid touching it in the future. Fear can protect us from peril. However, fear can also result in incapacitating anxiety, which can become intolerable for some people, leading to them embracing what they fear most, and in extreme cases, suicide. Below, I will show how fear impacts our society and the world, then probe some aspects of fear in my own life and how I adapted over time.

How to Cite This?

Elovitz, P. H. (2023). Anxiety and fear in society and my life. Clio’s Psyche30(1), 9-16.


“War Takes Part in Me”: Reflections of a Ukrainian Psychoanalyst (article)

Igor Romanov

Keywords: dreams, family history, political, psychobiography, Russia-Ukraine conflict, Soviet Union, transgenerational transmission of trauma, Ukraine, World War II

Abstract: The author relives his family history and then recounts the current events of his family surviving in the war in Ukraine. He examines the dreams of himself, his son, and his Ukrainian and Russian patients, while also providing several stories and observations of life in war-torn Ukraine. (Article translated from Russian to English by Breanna Vizlakh.)

Intro: The title of the article paraphrases a line from Yuri Levitansky’s poem/song, widely known in the USSR, called “Well, what if I was there…”  The line reads as follows: “I am not taking part in the war – it is taking part in me” (Levitansky, 2019, p. 185). These words resonate with the history of my family. I was born to older parents, so I grew up with narratives about war and what it means, but with many omissions. My paternal grandfather served in World War I, and my father in World War II. My father’s family, as well as my mother and her family, survived the German occupation in Kharkiv. Some relatives on my father’s side cooperated with the Germans, hoping they would liberate them from the Bolshevik yoke. This included my grandfather, whose aspirations were not met, and he succumbed to hunger during the occupation. As the political atmosphere in Ukraine changed, I understood more about the details of the past.

How to Cite This?

Romanov, I. (2023). “War takes part in me”: Reflections of a Ukrainian psychoanalyst. Clio’s Psyche30(1), 16-25.


Rejecting Fear as a Grandchild of Holocaust Survivors: Volodymyr Zelensky (psychobiography article)

Eva Fogelman

Keywords: anxiety, fear, “Final Solution,” grandparents, great-grandparents, Holocaust, Kestenberg, psychobiography, transposition, Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelensky, World War II

Abstract: Taking a look at Zelensky’s family background, the consequences of transposition, and making other observations about the Ukrainian President, this article attempts to explain Zelensky’s treatment of the current war against Russia as another Holocaust.

Intro: Today, the most visible grandchild of Holocaust survivors is Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky. Zelensky grew up on family stories of courage and victimhood. His grandfather, Semyon Ivanovich Zelensky, along with Semyon’s three brothers, fought in the Red Army during World War II. Only his grandfather survived. His great-grandparents and numerous other family members were shot by the Einsatzgruppen (the German Army’s mobile squads). During an evacuation of Jews, a grandmother escaped to Kazakhstan. After liberation, she returned to Kryvyi Rih, became a teacher, and married. Two years later, she gave birth to a son, and 31 years later, on April 21, 2019, that son had a boy who, at the age of 40, became President of Ukraine.

How to Cite This?

Fogelman, E. (2023). Rejecting fear as a grandchild of Holocaust survivors: Volodymyr Zelensky. Clio’s Psyche30(1), 25-28.



Fearing the Threat to Democracy (article)

Arnold Richards

Keywords: American democracy, Chile, Donald Trump, fear, January 6th, Pinochet, Salvador Allende, Victor Jara

Abstract: N/A  

Intro: The threat to American democracy posed by Trump and his supporters is terrifying. Certainly, January 6th is a day that will go down in infamy. It was a terrifying experience as I observed it on the TV screen, which was compounded by Trump’s lack of response making it clear that the mob was following his wishes. It brought to mind coups in other countries at other times. Chile comes to mind with the terrible examples of Pinochet and the execution of Allende as well as the murder of Victor Jara in the stadium after they cut off his hands. My wife Arlene wrote a poem about this as a letter to someone who said it had to happen to a Pinochet supporter.

How to Cite This?

Richards, A. (2023). Fearing the threat to democracy. Clio’s Psyche30(1), 29.


Traumatic Time and the Genesis of Fearfulness (article)

Robert D. Stolorow

Keywords: emotional trauma, fear, Friedrich Nietzsche, future, retraumatization, time, trauma

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Trauma devastatingly disrupts the ordinary linearity and unity of our experience of time, our sense of stretching along from the past to an open future. Experiences of emotional trauma become freeze-framed into an eternal present in which we remain forever trapped or, as Nietzsche captured in his thought of “eternal return,” to which we are condemned to be perpetually returned by life’s slings and arrows. In the region of trauma, all duration or stretching along collapses, the past becomes present, and the future loses all meaning other than endless repetition. Fear experienced in this region entails a dread of retraumatization.

How to Cite This?

Stolorow, R. D. (2023). Traumatic time and the genesis of fearfulness. Clio’s Psyche30(1), 29-30.


On the “Edge of My Seat” in Fear (article)

Ruth Neubauer

Keywords: antisemitism, balance, defense mechanisms, fear, first-generation American, German Jew, news, psychobiography

Abstract: N/A

Intro: I keep wondering why I am so intentional about watching the news, sometimes for hours. Does it serve as a defense against fear? Or does it soothe my fear? Is it a fear of “not knowing”? Or the drive of “needing to know”?

How to Cite This?

Neubauer, R. (2023). On the “edge of my seat” in fear. Clio’s Psyche30(1), 30-31.


The Art and Fear of Falling (article)

  1. Ethelbert Miller

Keywords: aging, fear of falling, fear of poverty, life balance, medical fears, medical disability

Abstract: N/A

Intro: There is always the fear of falling after a certain age. The beckoning of the cane and wheelchair. When the weather changes one ponders the navigating of slippery green leaves and the sneaky black ice. There is no real protection, no perfect shoe or boot. All one’s life a person tries to find balance and how to balance things. We juggle life the way we juggle our fears. Now and then we fall and we drop ourselves. Our inability to balance a banking account can result in falling into poverty and homelessness.

How to Cite This?

Ethelbert Miller, E. (2023). The art and fear of falling. Clio’s Psyche30(1), 31-32.


Some Fears and Anxieties in My 80s (article)

Pamela Steiner

Keywords: anxiety, health fears, healthy aging, medical disability,

Abstract: N/A

Intro: At 82.5, I face my end at some unknown but near, now imaginable time. Though in good health and fitness for my age, I am unlikely to be able to walk up hills for many more years, even creeping with sticks.

How to Cite This?

Steiner, P. (2023). Some fears and anxieties in my 80s. Clio’s Psyche30(1), 32-34.


Feelings of Fear and Creativity (article)

Brigitte Demeure

Keywords: Brazil, democracy, demonstrations, fear, France, Jair Bolsonaro, Seleçao football team, social unrest

Abstract: N/A

Intro: When I saw Bolsonaro supporters invading the official buildings of the Brazilian parliament on television on January 9, 2023, almost coinciding with the anniversary of the Trump supporters’ assault on the U.S. Congress, and the color of the Seleçao football team jerseys worn by the protesters, which reminded me of the yellow vests in France, some of whom had tried to penetrate the Elysée Palace in Paris (the seat of the Presidency of the French Republic), I was very afraid for democracy. The yellow vests marched every Saturday for months to protest rising fuel prices, then joined other groups protesting anti-COVID measures and vaccination. We saw in the demonstrations all kinds of flags: not only those celebrating Che Guevara alongside red and black anarchist flags but also royalist, far-Right, or nationalist flags. They were all chanting the same things. When I looked at and listened to them, I felt an immense resentment and mistrust that seemed to animate them.

How to Cite This?

Demeure, B. (2023). Feelings of fear and creativity. Clio’s Psyche30(1), 34-35.


The Recent Concern for Anxiety and Fear among Teenagers (article)

Paul H. Elovitz

Keywords: anxiety in children, fear, parenting, popular culture, teen suicide

Abstract: N/A

Intro: I’ve been upset and worried lately along with those expressing concern in popular culture and serious news outlets over increasing anxiety among teenagers and children. Some of this focuses on the dangers of teen suicide and a sense of environmental hopelessness. As a retired psychoanalytic psychotherapist whose practice included child and family therapy, I’m keenly aware of the extent to which children pick up on the fears of their parents, and as a historian, my awareness focuses on the incredible anxiety in our contemporary society where materially we are incredibly better off than were our forbearers.

How to Cite This?

Elovitz, P. H. (2023). The recent concern for anxiety and fear among teenagers. Clio’s Psyche30(1), 35-36.


Fearing for Our Children in Our Anxious, Gun-Crazy Society (article)

Paul H. Elovitz

Keywords: accidental shootings, children, community, fear, gun culture, mass shootings, school shootings, suicide

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Again, it was with sadness and fear for our children that I read the headline, “Oakland [NJ] School Board Funds Hiring for More Police.” The national focus on the terrible mass and school shootings has filtered down to elementary schools. In this quiet middle-class suburban community where my kids went to elementary school, the chances of a school shooting are extremely low, but taxpayers will now be paying for four fully-armed police officers in elementary schools to reassure the local parents and community that their political leaders are making them safe.

How to Cite This?

Elovitz, P. H. (2023). Fearing for our children in our anxious, gun-crazy society. Clio’s Psyche30(1), 36-37.



A Polymath Who Writes Psychohistory: Steven Pinker (psychobiography interview)

Paul H. Elovitz

Keywords: academic, experimental psychology, Harvard, interview,linguistics, psychobiography, psychohistory, psychology, polymath, Steven Pinker, visual cognition

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Steven Arthur Pinker was born in Montreal on September 18, 1954, to the late Roslyn and Harry Pinker as the oldest of two sons and a daughter into a middle-class Jewish family. His father was a lawyer and manufacturer’s representative, and his mother was a homemaker who later became a high school guidance counselor and vice-principal. His sister is a well-known psychologist. Steven graduated from Dawson College and completed his doctoral studies in experimental psychology at Harvard, followed by research at MIT, and he is the Johnstone Family Professor of Psychology at Harvard. He has also taught at MIT, Stanford, and elsewhere. His academic specializations, among many, are visual cognition and linguistics.

How to Cite This?

Elovitz, P. H. (2023). A polymath who writes psychohistory: Steven Pinker. Clio’s Psyche30(1), 37-51.



Psychologist and Psychobiographer William McKinley Runyan: Rebel with a Cause (leading festschrift article)

James William Anderson

Keywords: academic psychology, festschrift, individual, life history, personality psychology, psychobiography, qualitative psychology, the Study of Lives, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: William McKinley Runyan is a major figure in psychobiography because he played a central role in establishing the methodological basis for the field. The in-depth study of the individual life was in disrepute in academic psychology when he was a graduate student about five decades ago, but, in no small part through his publications, such studies gained legitimacy. The article traces Runyan’s own life history and examines examples of his scholarship.

Intro: With rare openness, William McKinley Runyan—widely referred to as “Mac”—does not hesitate to reveal stories about himself that might seem embarrassing. He told me once about a time when, in secondary school, he wrote a paper about Albert Schweitzer’s groundbreaking study of the historical Jesus. Mac’s teacher responded to the paper with the comment, “Your arrogance is exceeded only by your ignorance.” (I imagine that the teacher was a devout believer who was offended that Jesus could be viewed as a real person and not only as a holy object of worship.)  What the anecdote says to me is that, even when a teenager, Mac had gumption, a willingness to challenge orthodox approaches, and faith in his considerable intellectual abilities. My comment to Mac today would be: “Your self-confidence is exceeded only by your productivity and your wide-ranging knowledge.” In his school yearbook, he was given the nickname “Reb” (short for Rebel).

How to Cite This?

Anderson, J. W. (2023). Psychologist and psychobiographer William McKinley Runyan: Rebel with a cause. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 52-59.


William McKinley Runyan Bibliography (bibliography festschrift article)

James William Anderson

Keywords: bibliography, chronology, festschrift, psychobiography, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: N/A

Intro: The following chronology covers part of William McKinley Runyan’s bibliography.

How to Cite This?

Anderson, J. W. (2023). William McKinley Runyan bibliography. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 59-60.



Gordon Allport and “Getting Away with It” at Harvard (festschrift article)

Raymond E. Fancher

Keywords: festschrift, Gordon Allport, Harvard Psychological Clinic, Henry Murray, psychobiography, Robert White, the Study of Lives, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: This article describes similarities and differences between Mac Runyan’s and the author’s experiences as clinical psychology students at Harvard. We were several years apart in different programs, but we both were personally and profoundly influenced by the Harvard “personological” tradition established by Gordon Allport, Henry Murray, and Robert White. The paper goes on to document and emphasize Allport’s special importance both in the establishment and the maintenance of that tradition.

Intro: I first met the genial Mac Runyan on June 18, 1988, at the opening reception of the 20th annual meeting of Cheiron (The International Society for the History of Behavioral and Social Sciences) held at Princeton University. A newcomer to the group, Mac Introduced himself to me, and I learned that we were both products of defunct Clinical Psychology programs at Harvard: I from the old Social Relations Department in 1966 and Mac from its short-lived Clinical Psychology and Public Practice Program in 1975. Further, we had both been profoundly influenced by the “personological” tradition established at Harvard in the 1930s and 1940s by Gordon Allport, Henry Murray, and Robert White. Our commonality of interests has kindled a warm if mainly long-distance friendship, which is well into its fourth decade now.

How to Cite This?

Fancher, R. E. (2023). Gordon Allport and “getting away with it” at Harvard. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 60-67.


Literary Fiction as Psychobiography: F. Scott Fitzgerald and James McKeen Cattell (response article)

Michael M. Sokal

Keywords: alternative psychobiography, F. Scott Fitzgerald, festschrift, James McKeen Cattell, Johns Hopkins University, life histories, literary fiction, psychoanalytic psychobiography, psychobiography, psychology, study of lives, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: In response to William McKinley (“Mac”) Runyan, this article suggests that literary fiction can present an alternative approach to psychologically informed life histories. The article examines episodes in the life of psychologist James McKeen Cattell (1860-1944) from a point of view provided by F. Scott Fitzgerald’s portrayal of Anson Hunter, the fictional protagonist of his 1926 short story, “The Rich Boy.”

Intro: As his autobiography makes clear, Mac Runyan’s interest in psychobiography stems from his concern for life histories and particularly from his fascination with the intense study of individual lives. This interest led him in 1969 to begin his graduate study in the Harvard Program in Clinical Psychology and Public Practice and, since then, Mac’s scholarship exhibits a breadth and depth of interest that reflects the richness of his graduate education. One notable characteristic of Mac’s approach to psychobiography is its openness to alternatives to psychoanalytic psychobiography. Mac has been disappointed that he has “not found as many [alternatives] as [he] expected” (Runyan, 2021, p. 140). Perhaps this essay might begin to hint at the possibility, at least, of one of these alternatives.

How to Cite This?

Sokal, M. M. (2023). Literary fiction as psychobiography: F. Scott Fitzgerald and James McKeen Cattell. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 68-75.


Psychobiography and the Meaningful Life (festschrift article)

Daniel S. Benveniste

Keywords: childhood trauma, festschrift, meaningful life, psychobiography, psychological perspective, Sigmund Freud, scholarly method, sublimated activity, trauma, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: Psychobiography is a scholarly method of psychological investigation that explores the personal and historical contexts of the subject from a given psychological perspective. Within the context of the depth psychologies, the author asserts that by linking the subject’s early childhood traumas to the passionate interests of adulthood, we can discover what led the subject to live such an apparently meaningful life.

Intro: I met Mac Runyan after a psychoanalytic lecture we both attended in San Francisco in 1991. When the meeting ended, we left the building and stood under a light on Divisadero Street talking about the Study of Lives and the autobiographical nature of human expression until well after midnight. That was my first encounter with Mac Runyan’s extraordinary capacity to wonder out loud.

How to Cite This?

Benveniste, D. S. (2023). Psychobiography and the meaningful life. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 76-82.


Why Did Skinner Cut Off His Emotions? An Idiographic Approach to Psychobiography (festschrift article)

Amy P. Demorest

Keywords: B. F. Skinner, curiosity, festschrift, idiographic approach, Irving E. Alexander, Life Histories and Psychobiography, psychobiography, salience, Script Theory, Society for Personology, Silvan S. Tomkins, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: In honor of Runyan’s championing of the idiographic approach, an idiographic method using Tomkins’ Script Theory is illustrated through analysis of Skinner’s avoidance of emotions.

Intro: The first title of this paper is meant as a tribute to William McKinley Runyan’s wonderful paper, “Why did van Gogh cut off his ear?” (1981). The second title is intended to pay homage to his wonderful book, Life Histories and Psychobiography (1982), in which the final two chapters are on idiographic methods and psychobiography. These two works were published just as I began graduate school, and Mac’s strong voice in calling for the idiographic study of individual lives was deeply influential to my professional development. Mac was also one of the original members of the Society for Personology, and I count myself lucky to have come to know him when I joined the group years later. Beyond admiring his work, I came to admire him as a person for his insatiable curiosity and generosity of spirit. I offer this paper on an idiographic approach to psychobiography in honor of Mac’s influence on me and the field.

How to Cite This?

Demorest, A. P. (2023). Why did Skinner cut off his emotions? An idiographic approach to psychobiography. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 82-90.


Advancing the Study of Individual Lives: William McKinley Runyan’s Multidisciplinary Inspiration (festschrift article)

Nicole B. Barenbaum

Keywords: American personality psychology, festschrift, Life Histories and Psychobiography, methodological choices, multidisciplinary, Study of Lives, psychobiography, psychohistory, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: An appreciation of the contributions of William McKinley (“Mac”) Runyan to the psychological Study of Lives, the author gives an example of how Runyan’s work has inspired and informed her own work on the history of ambivalence toward the study of individual lives in personality psychology.

Intro: It is an honor to be invited to write for this celebration of Mac Runyan, whose unflagging promotion of the psychological study of individual lives has contributed so much to scholars in many disciplines. For me, Mac has been a guide, an inspiration, an advocate, a colleague, and a friend for many years. His pioneering book, Life Histories and Psychobiography (1982), and his chapters in Psychology and Historical Interpretation (1988), continue to inform researchers interested in the history and methodology of the psychological Study of Lives and in psychohistory. (My own copy of Life Histories and Psychobiography has been consulted so often that the pages are loose!)  But his compelling personal stories of his multidisciplinary search for a field of study and his encounters with narrow definitions of what counts as psychology (and as science) give a glimpse of his dedication to the study of human lives in all their complexity and suggest how far the psychological Study of Lives has progressed in the last 50 years.

How to Cite This?

Barenbaum, N. B. (2023). Advancing the study of individual lives: William McKinley Runyan’s multidisciplinary inspiration. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 90-93.


Looking Back at a Life of Studying Lives Over Time: The Struggle for Tenure (psychobiography interview/festschrift article)

Susan Bluck

Keywords: autobiographical memory, festschrift, individual lives, legacy, narrative interview purpose, psychobiography, self-defining memory, study of individual lives, William McKinley Runyan 

Abstract: This paper uses a narrative interview process to elicit Mac Runyan’s ultimate self-defining memory that he would most want to represent him once he is gone. The shared memory is consonant with the legacy that his colleagues all admire: his excellent voice, in person and in his writing, persistently calling for social science to fully recognize the importance of the study of individual lives.

Intro: My idea for a contribution to this Festschrift for Mac Runyan came from a narrative interview process that I have used in my Life Story Lab. It is heavily grounded in Jefferson A. Singer and Pavel S. Blagov’s Introduction of the wonderful construct of, and method for eliciting, self-defining memories. My research has, of late, focused on endings in the life story—including death, the final ending. In previous research, we developed instructions for asking people about what we called their ultimate self-defining memory. That is, what is the one experience from your life that you most want to be remembered about you after you’re gone?

How to Cite This?

Bluck, S. (2023). Looking back at a life of studying lives over time: The struggle for tenure. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 94-99.


Mac Runyan: Essential Scholar and Invaluable Friend (festschrift article)

Lonnie R Snowden

Keywords: Donald T. Campbell, clinical decision making, festschrift, interdisciplinary, life course, personality psychology, philosophy, psychological inquiry, psychological practice, psychobiography, study of individual lives, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: Throughout a long and distinguished career, William McKinley Runyan’s unwavering commitment to the study of individual lives has resulted in key scholarly insights into influential historical figures, as well as an understanding of how to approach the study of individual lives and properly situate it within the wider scholarly enterprise. This article celebrates Mac and how the author has benefited immeasurably from knowing him.

Intro: I joined Berkeley Social Welfare’s faculty slightly before Mac and became aware of his scholarship when he applied for an open position. The position’s responsibilities included teaching a required but previously unsuccessful course called Human Behavior in the Social Environment, and Mac’s life course orientation seemed well-suited to filling this need. But what really appealed to me was his 1977 paper, “How should treatment recommendations be made? Three studies in the logical and empirical bases of clinical decision-making,” probing the logic of clinical decision-making and appearing in one of psychology’s leading outlets. It presented insightful, clear, and economical probing—entirely free of jargon or pretense—of the structure of a core task of psychological practice. More than psychological theory, the author would bring thinking about the foundations of psychological explanation to our interdisciplinary faculty.

How to Cite This?

Snowden, L. R. (2023). Mac Runyan: Essential scholar and invaluable friend. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 99-103.


The “Broken” Memories of Brandi Carlile (festschrift article)

Jefferson A. Singer & Emma Lombardo

Keywords: Brandi Carlile, Broken Horses, festschrift, interpretive approach, Life Histories and Psychobiographies, memoir, narrative identity, narrative script, psychobiography, qualitative analysis, self-defining memory, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: This analysis of singer/songwriter Brandi Carlile identifies key self-defining memories, forming a narrative script of “brokenness” and creative triumph that is her memoir’s central trope.

Intro: For more than 40 years, psychologists have been indebted to William McKinley (“Mac”) Runyan for modeling an interpretative approach to psychobiography in his 1982 work, Life Histories and Psychobiographies. Runyan’s work reaffirmed that conducting a theory-based qualitative analysis to examine a given individual’s life can be a legitimate and informative scientific enterprise. In this spirit, we offer the following study of the influential singer-songwriter Brandi Carlile. Carlile, winner of multiple Grammy Awards and admired for her LGBT+ advocacy, published a best-selling memoir, Broken Horses, in 2021. “Broken Horses” is also the title of one of her most powerful anthems.

How to Cite This?

Singer, J. A., & Lombardo, E. (2023). The “broken” memories of Brandi Carlile. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 103-108.


Mac and Me after a Half-Century: Psychobiography and Historiometry (festschrift article)

Dean Keith Simonton

Keywords: Alan Elms, festschrift, historiometry, King George III, Mad King George, psychology and history, psychobiography, psychopathology, stress, University of California, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: While Harvard graduate students, Runyan and the author initiated a conversation concerning contrary ways of conceiving the relation between psychology and history. The exchange converged regarding the “madness of King George.”

Intro: A half-century ago, William Mac Runyan and I were graduate students at Harvard University. Although we were contemporaries, both receiving our PhDs in 1975, we were in very different graduate programs, he in clinical and I in social. Nevertheless, sometime during our studies, a chance encounter occurred in the library, where we struck up a conversation. It became clear that we shared certain common interests, most notably in combining psychology and history. I don’t remember the details of that exchange largely because they became submerged in my memory by many more recent conversations once we had become established at our respective University of California campuses, he at Berkeley (UCB; in Social Welfare) and I at Davis (UCD; in Psychology). The proximity of the two campuses permitted multiple occasions where I was invited to give talks at UCB’s Institute for Personality Assessment and Research (later renamed the Institute for Personality Assessment and Social Research). Several times, Runyan walked across campus to hear my presentation and then engaged me in extended conversations regarding how our respective positions had developed. This discussion was facilitated by the fact that Runyan had an ally, a senior colleague of mine who occupied the next office over at UCD: Alan C. Elms, a distinguished psychobiographer in his own right.

How to Cite This?

Simonton, D. K. (2023). Mac and Me after a half-century: Psychobiography and historiometry. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 108-111.


Mac Runyan and Me—And 40 Years of Personality Psychology (festschrift article)

Dan P. McAdams

Keywords: festschrift, Life Histories and Psychobiography, narrative Study of Lives, personality psychology, personology, psychobiography, Vincent van Gogh, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: The author describes his evolving relationship with “Mac” Runyan in the context of the history of personality psychology, going back to “Why Did van Gogh Cut Off His Ear?” (1981), followed by the publication of Life Histories and Psychobiography (1982), Mac’s burst of creativity helped to catalyze significant change in the field of personality psychology. Forty years later, Mac’s early contributions have proven to be prescient.

Intro: I arrived at Harvard in the fall of 1976 as a 22-year-old ingenue from a small liberal arts college in Indiana. With no prior research experience and little understanding of what doctoral students do and why they do it, I struggled to find a place in the Personality and Developmental Psychology doctoral program within the Department of Psychology and Social Relations. I had imagined that I might study and write about human nature and the vicissitudes of individual human lives, as my undergraduate reading of Freud, Piaget, Kierkegaard, Dostoyevsky, and other great thinkers had led me to believe. I quickly learned, however, that psychologists no longer did that sort of thing, at least not for their day jobs. Nomothetic, hypothesis-testing research, typically conducted under controlled laboratory conditions, was now the norm. I also learned that once upon a time, a small band of personological pioneers had embarked upon the kind of scholarship that I expected to find in graduate school, and even here at Harvard. They were Henry Murray, Robert White, Gordon Allport, and Erik Erikson. I set them up in my mind as heroes from a bygone era.

How to Cite This?

McAdams, D. P. (2023). Mac Runyan and me—And 40 years of personality psychology. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 111-117.



A Brief Tribute to William McKinley Runyan (festschrift article)

Jim Clark

Keywords: category mistake, festschrift, forensic case studies, personology, psychobiography, Study of Lives, William James, William McKinley Runyan, Vincent van Gogh

Abstract: Mac Runyan deserves to be celebrated as one of the founders of contemporary personology because of his important contributions to the philosophical, epistemological, and historical explorations of the theory, method, and practice of this field and general psychology. His intellectual power is matched only by his kindness and commitment to colleagues and students. This article presents a personal report of that influence.

Intro: Mac’s distinguished career at Berkeley, his brilliant books and papers, and the thousands of students, colleagues, and readers that he has engaged comprise a truly remarkable life’s work. His insistence on making his own way as a rebellious Harvard graduate student ultimately allowed him to help define the emergent field of personological inquiry. Mac discovered that making the case for psychobiography and the Study of Lives through a rigorous discussion of method would be the signature across his writings. This choice was so crucial, as he realized that psychology (and all social science) is perennially in danger of perpetuating category mistakes—the error of applying the wrong criteria to the analysis of a phenomenon. Category mistakes generate the avalanches of confusion that block scientific advancement, and Mac was not only interested in promoting psychobiography and the Study of Lives but also employed that endeavor to help all social scientists to address fundamental epistemologies.

How to Cite This?

Clark, J. (2023). A brief tribute to William McKinley Runyan. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 117-112.


William McKinley Runyan: Mentor and Friend (festschrift article)

Marilyn Fabe

Keywords: Emily Dickinson, festschrift, Freud’s Interpretation of Dreams, Life Histories and Psychobiography, psychobiography, San Francisco Bay Area Psychobiography Group, William McKinley Runyan, Vincent van Gogh

Abstract: My serendipitous encounter with Mac Runyan at the first meeting of the Bay Area Psychobiography Group in 1992, and his support and encouragement over 30 years, inspired my long-lasting involvement in teaching and writing psychobiographical film criticism.

Intro: I was fortunate to meet Mac in 1992 when I began teaching film at UC Berkeley, where Mac was on the faculty in the Public Health Department. The occasion was the first meeting of the San Francisco Bay Area Psychobiography Group, of which Mac was a founding member. He was introduced to me as the father of psychobiography.

How to Cite This?

Fabe, M. (2023). William McKinley Runyan: Mentor and friend. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 122-124.


Celebrating Mac Runyan (festschrift article)

Nancy C. Unger

Keywords: festschrift, friendship, humor, intellectual curiosity, philosopher, psychobiography, scholarship, social psychology, William James, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: N/A

Intro: I am delighted to have the opportunity to reflect on what Mac Runyan has done for the field of psychohistory—and to more generally celebrate Mac’s intellectual curiosity, kindness, zest for life, and delightful sense of humor.

How to Cite This?

Unger, N. C. (2023). Celebrating Mac Runyan. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 124-126.


“Making it into their world”: My Appreciation for William McKinley Runyan (festschrift article)

Claude-Hélène Mayer

Keywords: cultural anthropology, festschrift, individual life narrative, Life Histories and Psychobiography, psychoanalysis, psychobiography, psychology, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: Sharing her encounters with Mac Runyan, the author talks about her interview with him in 2018, his publications and contributions at large as well as in her own book, and her other important interactions with and observations of him.

Intro: My first personal encounter with Mac Runyan—and I am sure he is not aware of that—took place in 1994 when I started to study Philosophy and French at a German university. I had been interested in the development of the lives of individuals and had always wanted to explore individuals’ ideas of existence and reality and the guiding principles of their behavior. One year later, when I enrolled in Cultural Anthropology, I explored individual life narratives and analyses in non-European countries and cultures in more depth. There was no way I could have gotten around Mac’s publications, such as “In defense of the case study method” (1982), “Idiographic goals and methods in the study of lives” (1983), and his famous book on Life Histories and Psychobiography (1982).

How to Cite This?

Mayer, C-H. (2023). “Making it into their world”: My appreciation for William McKinley Runyan. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 127-129.


Runyan Under the Big Psychobiographical/Psychohistorical Umbrella (festschrift article)

Paul H. Elovitz

Keywords: Alan Elms, COVID, festschrift, International Society for Political Psychology, Isaac Asimov, Lifetime Achievement Award, psychobiography, Psychohistory Forum, The Many Roads of the Builders of Psychohistory, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Mac Runyan is an excellent scholar and colleague who I only recently came to know personally as a fellow psychobiographer. First, we worked together when he wrote the chapter, “Changing Visions of Psychology and Life Histories: A Personal Journey,” for my edited The Many Roads of the Builders of Psychohistory (2021, pp. 135-140). Next, he joined the Psychohistory Forum where he regularly participates in our bi-monthly Psychobiography Reading Group. I knew about his commitment to psychobiography as soon as his important Life Histories and Psychobiography book came out in the early 1980s.

How to Cite This?

Elovitz, P. H. (2023). Runyan under the big psychobiographical/psychohistorical umbrella. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 130-131.


William McKinley Runyan: Renaissance Scholar and Mentor to Many (festschrift article)

Joseph G. Ponterotto

Keywords: festschrift, history of psychology, interdisciplinary scholar, psychobiography, psychohistory, psychology, Vincent van Gogh, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: N/A

Intro: I feel honored to be able to contribute a few words of acknowledgment and appreciation for William McKinley (“Mac”) Runyan. As of this writing, I have never met Mac in person, but have communicated with him by phone, email, and through quite a few Zoom group gatherings. Naturally, like many readers of Clio’s Psyche and the Journal of Psychohistory, I have read and cited his corpus of contributions advancing the history of psychology, psychohistory, and psychobiography.

How to Cite This?

Ponterotto, J. G. (2023). William McKinley Runyan: Renaissance scholar and mentor to many. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 131-133.


When Psychobiography Was Mac Runyan (festschrift article)

William Todd Schultz

Keywords: Alan Elms, attachment object, festschrift, Life Histories and Psychobiography, personologist, psychobiographer, psychobiography, UC Davis, van Gogh, William McKinley Runyan

Abstract: N/A

Intro: When I first discovered psychobiography down at UC Davis with Alan Elms, in most respects, there really was no “psychobiography.” If psychobiography existed, it was Mac Runyan. Psychobiography was Mac Runyan, and his book, Life Histories and Psychobiography (1982), which I can see clearly now, in my mind’s eye, in white and red with pictures of historical figures on the cover. I don’t think I slept with it, but I very well could have!

How to Cite This?

Schultz, W. T. (2023). When psychobiography was Mac Runyan. In J. W. Anderson, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), William McKinley Runyan Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 30(1), 133-135.


Visions and Definitions of Psychohistory (article)

Paul H. Elovitz

Keywords: conscious, culture, history, interdisciplinary, politics, psychoanalysis, psychobiography, psychohistory, unconscious

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Readers should think about and share on Clio’s Google Listserv and with me their visions and definitions of psychohistory. Psychohistory is a rich field that extends from the Freud Circle in the first decade of the 20th century to the present. For over a quarter century I have been asking colleagues to provide their definitions of psychohistory. Henry Lawton called psychohistory “the interdisciplinary study of why man has acted as he has in history, prominently utilizing psychoanalytic principles” (The Psychohistorian’s Handbook, 1988, p. 5). William “Bill” Gilmore described it as “the study of human personality, individual and collective, in the past” (Psychohistorical Inquiry: A Comprehensive Research Bibliography, 1984, p. xi). Peter Loewenberg, amidst his incisive discussions of its advantages, reports psychohistory to be “the most powerful of interpretative approaches in history because (1) it is the only model of research that includes in its method the countertransference phenomenon… and (2) it enriches the historical account of political, social, and cultural-intellectual events with a perception of latent or unconscious themes” (Decoding the Past: The Psychohistorical Approach, 1969/85, p. 3). Initially, I defined our field “as an amalgam of psychology, history, and related social sciences [that] examines the ’why’ of history, especially the difference between stated intention and actual behavior” (The Best of Clio’s Psyche, 1999, p. 4).

How to Cite This?

Elovitz, P. H. (2023). Visions and definitions of psychohistory. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 257-259.



Essays in Honor of Lawrence J. Friedman (leading festschrift article)

Mark I. West

Keywords: Erich Fromm, Erik H. Erikson, festschrift, history, Karl Menninger, Lawrence J. Friedman, Menninger Foundation, psychoanalytic theory, psychobiography

Abstract: N/A

Intro: I met Lawrence Jacob Friedman in 1980 when I entered the American Culture PhD Program at Bowling Green State University where he then taught as a professor in the History Department. Given the interdisciplinary nature of this program, I completed coursework in both English and History, although my focus was always on the history and culture of American childhood. I took several seminars from Larry, including one on Robert Coles’ Children of Crisis (1968). Larry directed my dissertation, which evolved into my first book, Children, Culture and Controversy (1988). I dedicated this book to Larry. Although I pursued a career as an English professor, I have continuously followed Larry’s career as a historian.

How to Cite This?

West, M. I. (2023). Essays in honor of Lawrence J. Friedman. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 260-266


Lawrence Jacob Friedman Timeline (bibliography festschrift article)

Mark I. West

Keywords: bibliography, career, festschrift, Lawrence J. Friedman, psychohistory

Abstract: N/A

Intro: The following chronology covers key events in Lawrence J. Friedman’s life and career. The names within parentheses are contributors to the Friedman Festschrift who write about these particular events in their essays/tributes.

How to Cite This?

West, M. I. (2023). Lawrence Jacob Friedman timeline. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 266-267.


The Generosity of Lawrence J. Friedman (festschrift article)

Stephen Whitfield

Keywords: American politics, conferences, Erik H. Erikson, festschrift, Fromm, history, Lawrence J. Friedman, Menninger, primary sources, psychohistory, The White Savage

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Generosity marks the academic career of Lawrence J. Friedman. When I first met him, probably in 1971, I was doing research at the Library of Congress for my doctoral dissertation. Richard King, whom I had met seven years earlier in graduate school at Yale, introduced us. Born in 1940, Larry is two years older than I am, and his career was already advancing toward Parnassus. The White Savage (1970), which I sometimes kidded him was his best book, appeared when he was only 30. At that meeting in Washington, DC, Larry astonished me by offering help that I, a mere graduate student, had not solicited. Whether it was for inside dope on the already bleak job market or to find relevant sources for a biography that I was writing about the radical economist Scott Nearing, I can no longer recall. (Please cut me some slack: I have known the honoree of this festschrift for over half a century, longer than any other contributor.)

How to Cite This?

Whitfield, S. (2023). The generosity of Lawrence J. Friedman. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 267-270.


When Teddy Roosevelt met Booker T. Washington: Thoughts on Strenuous Lives and Work that Counts (festschrift article)

Scott G. Eberle

Keywords: cutting edge topics, festschrift, football, history, interdisciplinary, Larry J. Friedman, play, psychohistory, racial justice, Up from Slavery

Abstract: N/A

Intro: A half-century ago, in a seminar exploring a new approach, “psychohistory,” Professor Friedman assigned Erik Erikson’s 1950 study Childhood in Society. He posed a mischievously simple question to the students that, in time, became pivotal for me: “Why is play therapy?” The question exemplified his abiding, ramifying curiosity and delivered one lesson that stuck: History is so big, and humans are so complicated that dedicated historians cannot (should not) be content staying within the narrow confines of their chosen subjects.

How to Cite This?

Eberle, S. G. (2023). When Teddy Roosevelt met Booker T. Washington: Thoughts on strenuous lives and work that counts. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 270-276.


Dr. Lawrence Friedman on the Menninger Family: An Attachment Theoretical Perspective (festschrift article)

James L. Kelley

Keywords: adult attachment theory, American psychiatry, classical biography, domineering, festschrift, insecure and secure attachment, Lawrence J. Friedman, Menninger Clinic, Menninger siblings, psychobiographical

Abstract: N/A

Intro: In the preface to his Menninger: The Family and the Clinic (1990), distinguished biographer, historian, and activist Dr. Lawrence J. Friedman reminds readers just how famous this Kansas institution was in its heyday. The Menninger patriarch and sons were depicted on a stained-glass window installed in Washington Cathedral in 1979; but also, far from the house of God, the family inspired The Exorcist’s Barringer Clinic, whose medical men knew a case of possession when they saw one! Dr. Friedman is aware that we Americans have a penchant to allow mediocre men to rise to the highest stages, only to turn on them suddenly and chase away their ill-gotten fame with new knowledge of their most personal, mostly moral failings. But there is no Citizen Menninger because the Menninger story is not about a single figure but rather an American clan whose internal dynamics, as Dr. Friedman shows, help us account for their unlikely rise to the apex of American psychiatry. Was the family blindsided by a sudden disgrace, an ignoble fall from a noble height? It was more like a slow fade, with the once prominent Clinic, a quondam trendsetter in health care, now watching other more integrated research hospitals set the course.

How to Cite This?

Kelley, J. L. (2023). Dr. Lawrence Friedman on the Menninger family: An attachment theoretical perspective. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 277-281.


Invisible Colleges: How Friedman Contributed to the Production and Diffusion of Knowledge and Strengthened Storytelling (festschrift article)

Ronald E. Doel

Keywords: emotion in historical narrative, festschrift, Harvard Conference on Public Intellectuals, historical practice, invisible college, Lawrence J. Friedman, mentorship, psychohistory, transient institution

Abstract: The Conference on Public Intellectuals—an important, cross disciplinary transient institution centered in history—was nurtured and sustained by the recently retired Indiana University scholar Lawrence J. Friedman. This invisible college nurtured pioneering approaches to social, cultural, and intellectual history. Insights from these gatherings, I argue, have transcendent value, illuminating the importance of integrating emotional understanding into historical storytelling in many fields, including diplomatic history and the history of science.

Intro: Writing my first book, long ago, I faced a challenge. In the first half of the 20th century, researchers from various fields— astrophysics, geophysics, meteorology, geochemistry, and geology—were seeking to better understand the nature of the solar system. They were few: less than a dozen were active in North America and Europe at any one time. Sputnik’s launch in 1957, at the start of the space age, lay in the future. These researchers worked at different universities and institutions. But their interests were interdisciplinary, and they repeatedly created “transient institutions,” which lasted days, months, and sometimes years, that permitted intense collaboration between them on problems of mutual interest. Transient institutions mattered, I asserted, because they were prolific in this field when permanent institutions were not, shaped the questions that were asked, and helped convince colleagues their inquiries were worthwhile.

How to Cite This?

Doel, R. E. (2023). Invisible colleges: How Friedman contributed to the production and diffusion of knowledge and strengthened storytelling. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 281-289.


Making Truths: Erik Erikson, Robert Coles, and Larry Friedman (festschrift article)

Jim Clark

Keywords: biographers, biography, festschrift, generosity, Lawrence J. Friedman, Menningers, personologists, psychohistory, social, students, teaching

Abstract: Erik Erikson proved a crucial figure in the lives and work of both Robert Coles and Larry Friedman. Encountering Erikson as a person and engaging his legacy provided strong lessons for these celebrated biographers—lessons that can also meaningfully inform contemporary personological writers.

Intro: In my early doctoral student days at the University of Chicago (UC), one of my colleagues handed me a cardboard-covered paperback stamped with a bold “Reviewer’s Copy” warning that it was not for resale. She said that her brother was a reviewer for a major national daily newspaper and had sent the book to her as a matter of possible interest. “But I think this is more up your alley,” she advised me. It was a copy of Lawrence J. Friedman’s Menninger: The Family and the Clinic (1990). I had precious little time to read my new gift as I worked through the rigors of the UC quarter system with plenty enough provided to read. But every so often, my eyes would drift to the corner of the desk in my International House room where I had parked the biography. I would take ten minute holidays, making my way through the unsparing story that Friedman was telling.

How to Cite This?

Clark, J. (2023). Making truths: Erik Erikson, Robert Coles, and Larry Friedman. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 289-294.


Biography as Dialogue? The Case of Hella S. Haasse in Relation to Lawrence J. Friedman (festschrift article)

Odile Heynders

Keywords: Aleid Truijens, biographer, Erich Fromm, festschrift, Lawrence J. Friedman, narrative, personal dialogue, psychobiography, public intellectual

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Literary author Hella S. Haasse (1918-2011) is considered one of the most important writers of the 20th century in the Netherlands. Next to a substantial oeuvre of novels and essays, she performed a public role in lectures and on television, establishing the image of an intellectual, serious thinker. In Haasse’s biography, Living in the Imagination, written by Aleid Truijens and published in 2022, this image of serious public authorship was contrasted by showing the writer in her private realm as a daughter, mother, and spouse. The main message of the biography is that the author was not happy in the conventional woman’s role and tried to escape from it by using her imagination.

How to Cite This?

Heynders, O. (2023). Biography as dialogue? The case of Hella S. Haasse in Relation to Lawrence J. Friedman. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 294-302.


An Uncommon Commons: The Public Intellectuals Conference, 2009-2017 (festschrift article)

Michael Brown

Keywords: conferences, convener, Erikson, fellowship, festschrift, Fromm, interdisciplinary, Lawrence J. Friedman, psychohistory, public intellectuals, scholarly labor

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Among Larry Friedman’s many considerable abilities—as a scholar, a political operative, a walking encyclopedia of Cleveland baseball, and an erstwhile knuckleballer—one perhaps less visible should not be overlooked: Larry is a convener. Over time, I came to see how Larry worked behind the scenes to bring together people who shared ideas and, in many ways, temperaments. He stood at the center of overlapping circles, and while I initially thought that it was Larry’s intellectual concerns that tied it all together, I later realized that it was also, or even more so, his way of being in the world that served as the center of gravity. One of the gatherings Larry organized played a vital role in my life as a young historian: the Public Intellectuals Conference.

How to Cite This?

Brown, M. (2023). An uncommon commons: The public intellectuals conference, 2009-2017. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 302-305.


Henry Wallace: A Peacemongering Visionary Erased from the Historical Record (festschrift article)

Peter Kuznick

Keywords: Cold War, New Deal, nuclear arms race, Roosevelt, Soviet Union, Wallace, war and peace, festschrift, psychobiography

Abstract: Larry Friedman and I both admire visionaries who employ their insights and wisdom to try and make a better world. High on our list is Henry A. Wallace, FDR’s Secretary of Agriculture and Vice President from 1941 to 1945. During those years and until his September 1946 firing by Truman as Secretary of Commerce, Wallace waged a lonely, though heroic, battle to prevent the Cold War and nuclear arms race. He almost succeeded.

Intro: Ever since I met Larry Friedman at Wellfleet in 2005, he and I have shared our fascination with visionary thinkers who employ their insights and wisdom in trying to make a better world. One we have discussed at great length and both written about is Henry A. Wallace, a towering presence in the 1930s and 1940s who has been largely erased from history. Wallace was a rare figure who never cared for the emoluments of fame, fortune, or power. His was a different journey. He tried to prevent the Cold War. He almost succeeded. The world would certainly have been different if he had.

How to Cite This?

Kuznick, P. (2023). Henry Wallace: A Peacemongering Visionary Erased from the Historical Record. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 305-314


The Connector: History, Philanthropy, and Psychology (festschrift article)

Dwight F. Burlingame

Keywords: biography, Erik H. Erikson, exploratory discourse, festschrift, history of philosophy, Lawrence J. Friedman, psychohistory, students, teaching

Abstract: N/A

Intro: It was in 1978 that I met Professor Larry Friedman at Bowling Green State University in my first year on the faculty when I was appointed Dean of Libraries. He was a Distinguished University Professor of History and noted for his activism and scholarly contributions, particularly for the rights of minorities and the mentally ill. He specialized in the history of psychology and psychiatry (in which he used biography most effectively to tell the story of 20th century psychology and its practice) as well as modern intellectual and cultural history.

How to Cite This?

Burlingame, D. F. (2023). The connector: History, philanthropy, and psychology. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 314-316.


Larry Friedman, the Toledo Mud Hens, and Me (festschrift article)

Joyce M. Rosenberg

Keywords: academic, baseball, Erikson, festschrift, Lawrence J. Friedman, Mud Hens, Psychohistory Forum, scholarship, “Why We Hate”

Abstract: N/A

Intro: In writing about Larry Friedman and what he has meant to me, I feel bereft and behind the curve. Unlike other colleagues who can write about decades of friendship and scholarship, I have just a few years. Still, I know this short time has shown me so much of what Larry, and knowing Larry, is about.

How to Cite This?

Rosenberg, J. M. (2023). Larry Friedman, the toledo mud hens, and me. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 316-318.


A ReConnection with Larry Friedman (festschrift article)

Joseph Boskin

Keywords: Boston University, culture, festschrift, history, Lawrence J. Friedman, Los Angeles, One World movement, politics, psychohistory, UCLA

Abstract: N/A

Intro: In the early 1960s, I arrived in Los Angeles to begin a new position as an Assistant Professor of American Social and Intellectual History at the University of Southern California (UCLA). Los Angeles was, at that time, a relatively small, insular, sprawling, ethnic amalgam—in the humorous phrase popular among the natives, “60s suburbs in search of a city.” There was no centrality in the traditional sense but rather two distinct populous areas 15 miles apart: the Hispanic community downtown; and Beverly Hills to the northwest, the host of the radio and film industries, as well as Westwood where UCLA is located.

How to Cite This?

Boskin, J. (2023). A reconnection with Larry Friedman. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 318-320.


An Outstanding Psychobiographer, Psychohistorian, and Organizer of Public Intellectual Events (festschrift article)

Paul H. Elovitz

Keywords: Erikson, festschrift, Fromm, Lawrence J. Friedman, Menningers, political activist, public intellectual, Robert Jay Lifton, psychohistory, scholarship, storyteller

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Lawrence J. Friedman is a multi-faceted colleague: a baseball fan, historian, mentor, organizer of Public Intellectuals conferences, political activist, psychobiographer, and psychohistorian. Among Larry’s many activities and accomplishments were his serving as an Associate Editor of the Psychohistory Review for 15 years and his presence on the Board of International Advisors of the Psychoanalysis and History journal. He was also a member of Robert Jay Lifton’s Wellfleet psychohistory group. (Mark West has commented on the fascinating accounts Larry has given about attending Robert Jay Lifton’s Wellfleet group.) Professor Friedman is open to new ideas, thus when he noticed in The History of Psychohistory (2018) a reference to deMause’s The Emotional Life of Nations (2002), he enthusiastically declared it to be a brilliant idea. I agreed while pointing out that the evidential base for the book was so weak that it undercut the concept.

How to Cite This?

Elovitz, P. H. (2023). An outstanding psychobiographer, Psychohistorian, and organizer of public intellectual events. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 321-324.


An Appreciation of Larry Friedman (festschrift article)

David Lotto

Keywords: festschrift, Fromm, Lawrence J. Friedman, Lifton, psychobiography, psychohistory, teacher, The Journal of Psychohistory, Wellfleet, writer

Abstract: N/A

Intro: I first met Larry at the Wellfleet psychohistory group meetings hosted by Robert Lifton. He was a regular attendee and I looked forward to seeing him once a year in the early fall when we met. I talked with him about the biography of Erich Fromm that he was in the process of writing. We had several talks about the ethics of whether or not to disclose certain information he had obtained in the course of doing research for the book. My position was that he should publish the information he had for the sake of creating an accurate historical record. Ultimately, he chose not to include the material in his book.

How to Cite This?

Lotto, D. (2023). An appreciation of Larry Friedman. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 325.


My Inspiring Mentor (festschrift article)

Pilar Damião de Medeiros

Keywords: academic discussion, festschrift, Harvard Public Intellectuals Annual Conference, humanitarian, intellectual, Lawrence J. Friedman, psychohistory, respect, writing

Abstract: N/A

Intro: One of my first encounters with Larry Friedman was in 2011 at the Harvard Public Intellectuals Annual Conference. From then on, this great and widely renowned scholar has become my dearest friend and mentor. I feel great admiration for his informal and humble way of being. As a humanitarian, he encourages everyone around him to freely discuss their own thoughts. For him, human dignity and respect must be at the center of any academic discussion. These values he upholds have brought us together, either by organizing conferences (Lisbon and Azores) or guiding us along the hard and sometimes painful process of writing. His original way of framing questions has challenged me, and his deeply knowledgeable method of deconstructing complex matters has helped me learn to interrogate myself, my intellectual commitments, and the world around me.

How to Cite This?

Damião de Medeiros, P. (2023). My inspiring mentor. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 326-327.


Sunday Morning Epistles (festschrift article)

Cassandra Atherton

Keywords: baseball, conferences, emails, festschrift, Hiroshima, Japan, Lawrence J. Friedman, One World, psychohistory, world peace, writing

Abstract: N/A

Intro: From January 2013 until August 2021, Larry and I sent emails to one another. At opposite ends of the day, I would write on my Saturday evening, and it would arrive on Larry’s Sunday morning. He called it his Sunday morning epistle and we discussed everything from baseball to world peace. We also kept one another company across the miles. Re-reading our emails for this publication, I’m moved by the wonderful dialogue that cautiously unfolds between two people with intersecting interests.

How to Cite This?

Atherton, C. (2023). Sunday morning epistles. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 327-329.


One World, Open Borders (festschrift article)

Robin Alfriend Kello

Keywords: collective experience, festschrift, global justice, global order, global violence, idealism, Lawrence J. Friedman, One World, psychohistory

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Borders cross. They cut, severing communities. Due to the happenstance of birthplace, they exclude with the threat of lethal force. As the scholar, Joseph Carens (2013), succinctly puts it: “Borders have guards and the guards have guns” (p. 225). The post-Westphalian development of the nation-state as the dominant form of global political organization has evolved in the 21st century into a world system that facilitates capital flow while restricting the movement of human beings. None of that is news to you, nor was it news to me when I began doing research with Larry Friedman in 2016, for the forthcoming World Without Nations: Pragmatic Visionaries and the Quest for Global Peace.

How to Cite This?

Kello, R. A. (2023). One world, open borders. In M. I. West, P. H. Elovitz, & N. D’Andria (Eds.), Lawrence Jacob Friedman Festschrift. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 329-331.



A Musical Journey from Bach and Strauss to Mahler and Orff (article)

Peter W. Petschauer

Keywords: accordion, Austrian, Bach, brass band, church music, Mahler, music history, musicians, Orff, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, psychology, Strauss

Abstract: Church, brass band, and accordion music surrounded the author as a child in the Alps. These forms were unique preparation to embrace other expressions of music, including classical, jazz, and those rendered by orchestras in different parts of the world. As the enjoyment of the patriotic songs of South Tyrol in Italy echoed across the mountains, they set the groundwork to later understand why some composers faded from awareness because of regime changes, and others became caught up in authoritarian regimes to survive.

Intro: As a child in the Alps, I did not know that the choir in our church, the brass band next to the priest’s residence, and the accordion on our mountain meadows were German or Austrian and that, by implication, they were anti-Italian. After all, we lived in South Tyrol, for centuries our Austrian homeland, and an Italian province since 1918. Yet precisely these forms of music gave me a love for different iterations of it as I moved from there to other places in Europe, and ultimately took up residence in the U.S. I still enjoy this music and other forms of it, but now I have the psychohistorian’s understanding that any of it can be, and is, readily used for nefarious purposes.

How to Cite This?

Petschauer, P.W. (2023). A musical journey from Bach and Strauss to Mahler and Orff. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 332-336.


The Challenges of Writing a Psychobiography of Beethoven (psychobiography article)

Abigail Jareño Gómez

Keywords: attachment style, classical music, Ludwig van Beethoven, music, musicians, narrative identity, personality, psychoanalysis, psychobiography, psychology, qualitative methodology

Abstract: For four years, the author focused on Beethoven’s personality and published a psychobiography of him in a European language. In this article, she shares her experience dealing with six challenges.

Intro: This was the little voice that began to repeat over and over in my head. It’s the reason why I embarked on an adventure one day in 2016 that lasted several years. I delved into the depths of Beethoven’s psyche.

How to Cite This?

Gómez, A.J. (2023). The challenges of writing a psychobiography of Beethoven. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 336-342.


Music as Resistance and Connection: Dance Therapy and Argentine Tango (article)

Susan Kavaler-Adler

Keywords: Argentine tango, dance therapy, free association, individuation, music, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, psychology, psychotherapy, self-integration

Abstract: Music as resistance makes way for the internal music of the psyche in dance therapy and psychotherapy. Music as connection speaks of the external music in the dance of Argentine Tango where a partnership, which is all about connection, lives in the lyrical, mournful, and also peppy milonga music. The author also explores some of her own biographical journey.

Intro: Having been a dancer (as well as a writer) all my life, I chose dance therapy as my first form of psychotherapy during my early 20s when I was completing a doctoral program in Clinical Psychology at the Gordon Derner Institute at Adelphi University. This preceded all my work in psychoanalytic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis. For several years I studied dance therapy in experiential classes with a pioneer in the field, Blanche Evan. I also attended weekly private dance therapy sessions with her as my dance therapist. In my first session, she said to me that although I was moving beautifully, I should not be “dancing.” I should just be communicating all my feelings at the moment through the expression of my body. I liked this idea since my favorite part of all my modern dance classes was when we did “free improvisation” (like free association). I immediately got into the spirit of just moving to my feelings, although things got difficult later when I started projecting my negative mother transference onto my dance therapist, and she told me that she didn’t work with transference. This eventually led to me going into traditional psychoanalytic treatment.

How to Cite This?

Kavaler-Adler, S. (2023). Music as resistance and connection: Dance therapy and Argentine tango. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 342-347.


Jazz Repose (poem)

Tom Gibbs

Keywords: jazz, music, musicians, poetry, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, psychology

Abstract: N/A

Intro: I didn’t watch the news.

By not watching…

How to Cite This?

Gibbs, T. (2023). Jazz repose [poem]. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 347-348.


The Absence of Women in Classical Music (article)

Ruth Lijtmaer

Keywords: classical music, conductors, gender disparity, music, musicians, patriarchy, performers, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, psychology, tradition, women composers

Abstract: This paper explores the historical neglect of women’s significant contributions to classical music and some of the few gains in the last century.

Intro: In many areas of art, politics, economy, and academia, women have a respected place in the world. However, in the field of classical music, the development of women’s visibility is lagging. Classical music is still a man’s world. Why is this the case? This is an enigma to me, and I am trying to understand why it’s happening.

How to Cite This?

Lijtmaer, R. (2023). The absence of women in classical music. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 348-351.


One Educator’s Journey of Understanding Generational Trauma through Classical Composers (article)

Katurah R. Christenbury

Keywords: Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music (BMGIM), generational trauma, Guided Imagery and Music (GIM), guided imagery and music, Helen Bonny, Lohengrin, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, psychology, self-care, music, musicians, Wagner

Abstract: The author shares her experience of how a specific composition forever changed her perceptions of self-worth and her understanding of how trauma can be passed down through generations.

Intro: As an educator in the field of Music Therapy, I have found myself constantly—and gratefully—moved by a diverse array of music genres. Whether it is through the passion for popular music by female artists such as Sia, Alicia Keys, Brandi Carlile, Florence + The Machine, and Yola to use my voice and sing at the top of my lungs; the grounding tones of Nina Simone, Bear and a Banjo, and Hozier; the sense of freedom of movement and expression demonstrated by Lizzo, Khalid, Lorde, and Bishop Briggs; or the internal exploration of unconscious material through the use of carefully chosen classical composers, I have nothing but continually growing respect for the diverse nature of music.

How to Cite This?

Christenbury, K. R. (2023). One educator’s journey of understanding generational trauma through classical composers. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 352-357.


The Music Events that Changed our Lives (article)

John R. Lamkin II, Janice Berry Edwards, Martin J. Lamkin

Keywords: Art Blakey, Billboard, blues, drums, jazz, Moanin’, music, musicians, organ, piano, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, psychology, trombone, trumpet

Abstract: The authors discuss the musical events in their lives that profoundly affected their journeys as musicians. The events shared contributed to who the authors are today.

Intro: Music has its own innate power. It has the power to make people move by either dancing, stomping their feet, clapping their hands, or shaking their heads. Sometimes it can make people feel an overwhelming sense of pride or be moved to tears. Hardly a day goes by that we do not listen to (or at least hear) some music. Paul Elovitz tells us in his Call for Papers on music and musicians that the “importance and power of music is enormous,” and in many cases, it touches us in ways that words alone cannot. As we look back over the soundtrack of our lives, we can attest to the fact that there have been several times when the power of music has changed our lives or redefined their trajectories. Today we are retired musicians and music educators, still teaching music and playing professionally, and composing as well.

How to Cite This?

Lamkin, J. R. II, Edwards, J. B., & Lamkin, M. J. (2023). The music events that changed our lives. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 357-363.


Wedding Song (article)

Willow Pearson Trimbach

Keywords: Ave Maria, cello, eternity knot, marriage, music, nonduality, psychoanalysis, psychohistory, psychology, song, union, wedding

Abstract: This paper illustrates how wedding songs conduct and facilitate community gatherings, social-emotional focusing, and symbolization of the marriage bond. It is exemplified by a music listening guide.

Intro: The “Ring” song that follows was part of a series of three wedding songs that I composed during my engagement, just before my wedding, and during my honeymoon. I offer it as an expression of preparing to join with my husband in marriage. I will let it stand alone, open to interpretation and direct experience, as a portal to how wedding songs can capture the imagination of the emergent marital bond.

How to Cite This?

Trimbach, W. P. (2023). Wedding song. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 363-369.


The Compulsion to Create: Scott Walker and Freud’s Leonardo Compared (psychobiography article)

James L. Kelley

Keywords: homosexuality, Leonardo da Vinci, music, musicians, object choice, object relations, obsessive compulsive character, psychoanalysis, psychobiography, psychology, psychosexual stages, Scott Walker, Sigmund Freud

Abstract: Both Leonardo Da Vinci and musician Scott Walker grew up without a strong paternal presence, and both seem to have had neuroses connected to their creative drives later in life. A psychobiographical consideration of both subjects concludes that one contributing cause to their artistic difficulties lies in their compromised preoedipal development, which led Leonardo into procrastination and Walker into dissolution.

Intro: Previous psychobiographies of popular musicians have focused on their subjects’ self-centered (or at least un-self-aware) early behavior, which usually comes to a head once their careers start to ebb. Substance abuse is common, and a pop star rarely makes it out of this world without at least one stint in a rehabilitation clinic or under a psychoanalyst’s care. The present writing seeks to compare a musician, 1960s pop star Scott Walker (1943-2019), with an artist, the famous Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519). Following a brief consideration of Scott Walker’s biography, I will then outline Freud’s analysis of Leonardo’s procrastinating personality because of the great artist’s ambivalence toward parental objects. Finally, I will number a few points of comparison between both men’s object relations as they are revealed through their artistic productions.

How to Cite This?

Kelley, J. L. (2023). The compulsion to create: Scott Walker and Freud’s Leonardo compared. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 370-374.



Remembering Jay Y. Gonen (1934-2022) (tribute article)

Paul H. Elovitz

Keywords: Jay Y. Gonen, in memoriam, psychobiography, psychologist

Abstract: N/A

Intro: At the age of 88, psychologist Jay Y. Gonen died on December 19, 2022, in Sarasota, Florida of cardiac arrest after a 16- month struggle with ill health. This talented psychohistorian was born in Haifa in British Palestine and educated at Hebrew University. Reflecting on the dead bodies he saw as a soldier during the Suez Crisis of 1956 led him, while earning advanced degrees in Cincinnati, to decide to not return to defend Israel in the Six Days War and instead apply for American citizenship. He served as professor of psychology at the University of Cincinnati and the University of Rochester Medical Center; he devoted most of his professional career to treating former soldiers in a Chicago veteran’s hospital.

How to Cite This?

Elovitz, P. H. (2023). Remembering Jay Y. Gonen (1934-2022). Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 374-375.



Masud Khan: Paradox and Enigma (book review)

Candace Orcutt

Keywords: book review, Diary of a Fallen Psychoanalyst, Linda Hopkins, Masud Khan: Paradox and Enigma, psychobiography, Steven Kuchuck

Abstract: N/A

Intro: The Diary of a Fallen Psychoanalyst: The Work Books of Masud Khan 1967-1972, by Linda Hopkins and Steven Kuchuck, is a significant accomplishment. It is a unique, thought-provoking work that allows us to look over the shoulder of an originative figure in psychoanalysis as he writes daily journal entries about the world and his own sensibility. Also, it contributes to the anamnesis of a troubling episode in the history of psychoanalysis.

How to Cite This?

Orcut, C. (2023). Masud Khan: Paradox and enigma. Review of the book Masud Khan: Paradox and Enigma, by Linda Hopkins and Steven Kuchuck. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 376-378.


A Perilous Journey (book review)

Ona Lindquist

Keywords: A Study of Malignant Narcissism: Personal and Professional Insights, book review, psychohistory, Richard Wood

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Richard Wood writes “Though we may think of ourselves as mostly intrepid explorers of our psyches, many of us continue to find a trip through our own interiors to be a very aversive and dangerous endeavor” (p. 189). Yet in A Study of Malignant Narcissism: Personal and Professional Insights, he does just that, traveling into his fears, becoming an intrepid explorer of his psyche, and inviting the reader to do the same. Through deeply personal experiences, he explores the professional, academic, and political manifestations of malignant narcissism, calling this psychological disorder “the most destructive form of human personality.” His multidetermined knowledge of malignant narcissism offers a comprehensive overview useful to both mental health professionals and society at large at this fragile time in our history.

How to Cite This?

Lindquist, O. (2023). A perilous journey. Review of the book A Study of Malignant Narcissism: Personal and Professional Insights, by Richard Wood. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 378-381.


Kohut’s Fine Exploration of Empathy (book review)

Geoffrey Cocks

Keywords: book review, empathy, Empathy and the Historical Understanding of the Human Past, psychohistory, Thomas A. Kohut

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Historian Tom Kohut has written an excellent introduction to the role played by empathy in understanding human beings in the past. Kohut is the son of psychoanalytic self-psychologist Heinz Kohut and is himself a leading historian and psychohistorian. He is the author of two significant works of psychohistory: Wilhelm II and the Germans: A Study in Leadership (1991) and A German Generation: An Experiential History of the Twentieth Century (2012), as well as “Psychohistory as History” in the American Historical Review (1986). While Empathy and the Historical Understanding of the Human Past mentions and discusses the views of a wide range of historians, philosophers, psychoanalysts, sociologists, psychologists, and neuroscientists, its erudite survey of historiographical thinking is a concise, clearly written, and accessible handbook for both practitioners and students of history. It can be read with profit by anyone with an interest in human beings past and present and features an excellent bibliography and index.

How to Cite This?

Cocks, G. (2023). Kohut’s fine exploration of empathy. Review of the book Empathy and the Historical Understanding of the Human Past, by Thomas A. Kohut. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 381-384.


Fleshing out Freud’s Undeveloped Psychosexual Stages (book review)

James L. Kelley

Keywords: book review, Daniel S. Benveniste, Libido, Culture, and Consciousness, psychosexual stages, Revisiting Freud’s Totem and Taboo, psychohistory, Sigmund Freud, Totem and Taboo

Abstract: N/A

Intro: Benveniste’s book attempts to flesh out Freud’s underdeveloped notion that psychosexual stages originated with our ancestors’ traumatic prehistoric experiences. Though Freud wrote about his “phylogenetic fantasy” (this term derived from the title editors gave to an English translation of one of Freud’s unpublished papers) throughout his later life, it is in his 1914 Totem and Taboo that we find the fullest expression of his idea that humans inherit memory traces of their forebears’ traumatic experiences. The work spoke of a “primal horde” that was lorded over by an alpha male, a “primal father” who kept all the women to himself and subjugated or drove away all the weaker males in the group. These disinherited sons banded together, killed, and ate their father, and agreed to cooperate to forge a society that was gentler and more equitable. However, the repressed guilt over the patricide influenced the creation of totemism and exogamy, practices that defined the fraternal society that succeeded the primal horde.

How to Cite This?

Kelley, J. L. (2023). Fleshing out Freud’s Undeveloped Psychosexual Stages. Review of the book Libido, Culture, and Consciousness: Revisiting Freud’s Totem and Taboo, by Daniel S. Benveniste. Clio’s Psyche, 29(3), 384-386.

Volume 29 Number 2 Winter 2023

Psychoanalysis of Music/Musicians & Poetry About Music: Part I

Music, Musicians, and Psychohistory: Beyond the Notes
Howard F. Stein
Music and Political Stance
Donna Crawley
A Commentary by Musicians/Musician Educators on Stein
John R. Lamkin II, Janice Berry Edwards, & Martin J. Lamkin
Classical Music, Psychohistory, and Me
Martin Quitt
Ideology in the Sheets and Music in the Streets
Gabriel C. Pascua
Music for Ideology or Self-Exploration
Juhani Ihanus
Ella and Enid
Ethelbert Miller
The Joys of Engagement in Music and Psychoanalysis
Michael C. Singer
Two Guitars
Tom Gibbs
How the Voice of Bruce Springsteen Entered My Consulting Room
Ona Lindquist
The Lifeguard
Ethelbert Miller
The Power of Song: A Synergy of Music and Words
Merle Molofsky
Poem in the Key of C
Ethelbert Miller
An Intersection Between Music and Mind
Julie Jaffee Nagel
Music in My Life
Herbert Barry III
Playing Piano, Checkers, and Chess
E . Ethelbert Miller & Miho Kinnas
Psychohistorians of Music and Musicians
David Beisel

Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma and Resilience: Part II

Working through Transgenerational Transmission of Traumas
Marc-André Cotton
Hiding Out
Gabriela Gusita
Putting Intergenerational Trauma in Context
Dorothea Leicher
The Unique Breakthroughs to Love in Marriage
Peter W. Petschauer
Babi Yar: The Scar that Does Not Heal
Ira Brenner
Three Leitmotifs for Sequencing Transgenerational Transmission
Maurice Apprey
Resilience in Descendants of Holocaust Survivors
Eva Fogelman
Where Does Binion’s Traumatic Reliving Fit
Paul H. Elovitz


Illustrating How Abusive Childhood Endangers Our World
Sven Fuchs
Utilizing Psychobiography to Moderate Symptoms of SAD
Robert F. Mullen
The Felt Toxicity of Psychobiography
Robert D. Stolorow & George E. Atwood
Interview of Pam Steiner on the Armenian Genocide
Inna Rozentsvit & Paul Elovitz

Book Reviews

Psychohistorical Odysseys
Kenneth Alan Adams
Transforming Shame Toward Growth
Juhani Ihanus
Bulletin Board
Call for Papers
151 & 255

Volume 29 Number 1 Fall 2023

Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma and Resilience: Part I

Transgenerational Phenomena and its Relationship to Psychohistory
Inna Rozentsvit
The Transgenerational Influence of My War-Traumatized Mother.
Martin Miller
Forever Haunting
Howard F. Stein
Do Not Say We Have Nothing: The Chinese Cultural Revolution
Jun Lu
Intergenerational Transmission in the Elovitz Family
Paul H. Elovitz
Can Resilience Be Transmitted Intergenerationally?
Burton Norman Seitler
Transgenerational: A Hole in the Soul
Inna Rozentsvit

Our Emotions Projected onto Television, Podcasts, Movies, Electronic Devices (Media as Object Relations)

The Transformative Nature of Books
Juhani Ihanus
Probing Some of My Emotional Connections
Paul H. Elovitz
Emotional Engagement with Media
Susan Kavaler-Adler
I Love My Pet Rock: Attachment to People and Things
Richard Booth
For the Love of Art
Peter W. Petschauer
Holding on to My Loved Ones Through Beautiful Objects
Brenda Solomon
Fluido Con Affetto: The Role of Flow and Emotion in Music
Michael A. Faber & Julie M. Licata
The Power of the Film Medium
Marilyn Fabe
Emotional Attachment to Television
Donna Crawley & Alexandra E. Gibson

Howard Stein Festschrift: Part II

The Temporary Eclipse of Place in Ancient Athens
Charles W. Nuckolls
A Book of Healing Musical Poetry
Inna Rozentsvit
Howard Stein: A Kindred Spirit
David Lotto
A Psychohistorical Namaskar for Howard F. Stein
Kenneth Alan Adams
Authoritarianism vs. Democracy: Poland After 2015
Krystyna Sanderson
Leaders’ Lies Matter
Peter W. Petschauer
Interview with Thomas Ferraro: Sports Psychoanalyst
Paul H. Elovitz
First Year Report of the Psychobiography Group

Book Review

Growing Up as the Daughter of Annie and Wilhelm Reich
Peter W. Petschauer
Bulletin Board
Call for Papers
109, 110, & 121